خطيئة

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Belongs to the root خ ط ء(ḵ-ṭ-ʾ), from which the verb form I خَطِئَ(ḵaṭiʾa, to err). Schwally proposed that this concrete noun – and Ge'ez ኀጢአት (ḫäṭiʾät, sin) – is borrowed from Classical Syriac ܚܛܝܬܐ(ḥəṭīṯɑ, ḥəṭʾīṯɑ, sin). This seems likely as there must be in Geʿez a borrowing because the root there means “to lack, to be in want”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خَطِيئَة (ḵaṭīʾaf (plural خَطِيئَات(ḵaṭīʾāt) or خَطَايَا(ḵaṭāyā))

  1. (countable) sin, offense, fault, act of disobedience for which one deserves punishment
  2. (uncountable, especially Christianity) sin as a continuing state
    يَعِيشُ فِي الخَطِيئة.‎‎ ― yaʿīšu fī l-ḵaṭīʾa.He’s living in sin.

Alternative forms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 268
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[1] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 36
  • Schwally, Friedrich (1898), “Lexikalische Studien”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[2] (in German), volume 52, page 132