گناه

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Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian گناه (gonâh).

Noun[edit]

گناه (günâh)

  1. sin

Derived terms[edit]


Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian wnʾs (wināh, sin, crime), ultimately from the Proto-Iranian preverb *vi- and the root *nas- (to disappear; to perish), from Proto-Indo-European *neḱ- (to perish, to disappear). Akin to Manichaean Middle Persian wynʾh, the Old Armenian loanword վնաս (vnas), Baluchi [script needed] (gunās), Kurdish binas (binās) and Sanskrit विनाश (vināśa),

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari گناه
Iranian Persian گناه
Tajik гуноҳ (gunoh)

گناه (gonâh) (plural گناهان (gonâhân) or گناه‌ها (gonâh-hâ))

  1. sin
  2. crime, guilt
    • 11th century, Abul-Fazl Bayhaqi, Tarikh-e Beyhaqi[1]
      امیر گفت: پس از حسنک درین باب چه گناه بوده است؟ که اگر راه بادیه آمدی در خون آنهمه خلق شدی
      Amir goft: "pas az Hasanak darin bâb če gonâh bude ast? ke agar râh-e bâdiye âmadi, dar xun-e ânhame xalq šodi."
      Amir said: "So what was Hasanak's crime here? For if he would come through the desert route, he would have been responsible for the blood of so many people."

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “wināh”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 91
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “վնաս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 347
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*nas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 282ff
  • Nyberg, H. S. (1974), “vinās”, in A Manual of Pahlavi, Part II: Glossary, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 213a