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U+90E1, 郡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90E1

[U+90E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90E2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 163, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 尸口弓中 (SRNL), four-corner 17627, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1272, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39436
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1770, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3775, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+90E1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps related to Tibetan ཁུལ (khul, district; province) (Gong, 1995).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨunH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiunH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gunH/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuənH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jùn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gwan6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jùn
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjunH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ur-s/
English district

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡluns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) An administrative subdivision of imperial China of various status over the centuries, usually translated as commandery or prefecture
  2. a kind of administrative division
    1. (in Japan) district (second level division that has no administrative power since 1926, only serves as geographical reference)
    2. (in North and South Korea) county (second level division covering rural areas)
    3. (in the UK) shire (former administrative area of Britain)
        ―  cháijùn  ―  Cheshire
    4. (in Vietnam) quận
      [Cantonese]  ―  dai6 baat3 gwan6 [Jyutping]  ―  District 8
  3. a surname

Related terms[edit]

  • (governor of the commandery): 郡守 (jùnshǒu), 太守 (tàishǒu)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. county
  2. district

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぐん
Grade: 4
on’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From Middle Chinese (MC ɡɨunH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ぐん) (gunぐん (gun)?

  1. county, district
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こおり
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
こおり
[noun] (archaic) county, district
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 고을 (go'eul gun))

  1. Hanja form? of (county; district).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: quận, quặn, quấn, quẩn, quạnh

  1. urban district (quận)