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See also:
U+8CA9, 販
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CA9

[U+8CA8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CAA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 154, +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月金竹水 (BCHE), four-corner 61847, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36679
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3627, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8CA9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
販-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pans): semantic  (cowry) + phonetic  (OC *panʔ, *pʰan).

Etymology[edit]

The exoactive of (OC *panʔ, *pʰan, “to return, lit. "to make someone return"”) (Schuessler, 2007).

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *par (to trade; to buy; to sell), from which Tibetan ཕར (phar, interest (on money); exchange) is derived.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hoàn - literary;
  • phòaⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • huang3 - Shantou;
  • huêng3 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʉɐnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʷiɐnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuɐnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭwɐnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯wɐnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2973
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pans/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to deal in; to trade in; to traffic
    2. peddler; hawker; street merchant

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (pan) (hangeul , revised pan, McCune–Reischauer p'an, Yale phan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phiến, phán)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.