hemp

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Hemp

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hemp, hempe, henpe, henoppe, henepe, henep, hanep, from Old English henep, from Proto-Germanic *hanapiz. Doublet of cannabis and canvas.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hɛmp/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛmp

Noun[edit]

hemp (countable and uncountable, plural hemps)

  1. A tall annual herb, Cannabis sativa, native to Asia.
  2. Various products of this plant, including fibres and the drug cannabis.
  3. (slang, historical) The gallows.
    • 1864, James Russell Lowell, Fireside Travels:
      A hundred and fifty years ago, Cotton Mather bewails the carnal attractions of the tavern and the training field, and tells of an old Indian, who imperfectly understood the English tongue but desperately mastered enough of it to express a desire for instant hemp rather than listen to any more ghostly consolations.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch hemd (shirt), from Middle Dutch hemde, hemede, from Old Dutch *hemithi, from Proto-Germanic *hamiþiją. Cognate with German Hemd, Yiddish העמד(hemd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hemp (plural hemde, diminutive hempie)

  1. shirt
    • 2009, Christien Neser, Kondensmelk.
      Hy was haar hemp terwyl hy saggies fluit.
      He is washing her shirt while he's whistling softly.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Note that the original -d- resurfaces in the plural hemde, but not in the diminutive.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Northern Sotho: hempe
  • Phuthi: ihhempe
  • Shona: hembe
  • Sotho: hempe
  • Southern Ndebele: irhembe
  • Tswana: hêmpê
  • Venda: hemmbe
  • Xhosa: ihempe
  • Zulu: ihembe

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English henep, hænep (hemp), from Proto-West Germanic *hanapi, from Proto-Germanic *hanapiz; cognate to Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛmp/, /ˈhɛn(ə)p/

Noun[edit]

hemp (uncountable)

  1. Hemp (Cannabis sativa).
  2. Hempen fibre or products made of it.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]