hemp

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English hænep, from Proto-Germanic *hanapiz (compare Dutch hennep, German Hanf, Danish hamp), borrowed from Scythian *kanabis (compare Ossetian гӕн(ӕ) ‎(gæn(æ), flax), Khotanese [script needed] ‎(kaṃhā, hemp)).[1][2] See cannabis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hemp ‎(plural hemps)

  1. A tall annual herb, Cannabis sativa, native to Asia.
  2. Various products of this plant, including fibres and the drug cannabis.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Witzel, "Substrate Languages in Old Indo-Aryan (R̥gvedic, Middle and Late Vedic)", Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies (EJVS) 5-1 (1999), 30.
  2. ^ Martin Schwartz, "Avestan Terms for the Sauma Plant", Haoma and Harmaline (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989), 123.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch hemd ‎(shirt), from Middle Dutch hemde, hemede, from Old Dutch *hemithi, from Proto-Germanic *hamiþiją. Cognate with German Hemd, Yiddish העמד ‎(hemd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hemp ‎(plural hemde, diminutive hempie)

  1. shirt

Usage notes[edit]

The plural is irregular (hemde, not *hempe) due to retention of the original Dutch -d.

Derived terms[edit]