κάνναβις

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Ancient Greek[edit]

κάνναβις illustration in the Vienna Dioscurides

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A Kulturwort of unknown ultimate origin, perhaps Scythian or Thracian.[1] A proposal going back to Schrader derives the word from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kana-pis: compare Eastern Mari кыне́ (kyné), Western Mari кӹне (kÿne, hemp) and Komi-Permyak пыш (pyš), Udmurt пыш (pyš, hemp),[2][3] but Finno-Ugricists deny the existence of such a compound[4].

Related to Akkadian 𒋆𒄣𒌦𒈾𒁍 (qunnabu), Classical Syriac ܩܢܦܐ(qnpʾ), Arabic قِنَّب(qinnab), Proto-Germanic *hanapiz (English hemp), Proto-Slavic *konopь, Lithuanian kanãpės, Old Prussian knapios, Middle Persian [script needed] (kʾnb /kā̆naβ/), Persian کنب(kanab), کنو(kanav), کنف(kanaf, kenaf), Northern Kurdish kinif, Sogdian [script needed] (kynpʾ /kēnapā/), Khwarezmian [Term?] (knb-ynk), Ossetian гӕн (gæn), гӕнӕ (gænæ), Khotanese [Term?] (/kaṃha/), [Term?] (/kuṃbā/), Wakhi kəm, Albanian kërp, Old Armenian կանեփ (kanepʿ), կանափ (kanapʿ), Georgian კანაფი (ḳanapi), Svan ქან (kan), Turkish kenevir, kendir; perhaps also to Sanskrit शण (śaṇá), Middle Persian [script needed] (šn' /šan/), the "satem" variants of the same etymon, and to Sanskrit भाङ्ग (bhāṅga), Persian بنگ(bang), the "reverse" forms of it (due to a taboo).[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] The interrelationship of these forms is disputed.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κάννᾰβῐς (kánnabisf (genitive καννάβῐος or καννάβεως or καννάβῐδος); third declension

  1. (uncountable) hemp (Cannabis sativa)
    Synonym: θᾰλᾰσσαίγλη (thalassaíglē)
  2. (countable) hemp seed

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 680–681
  2. ^ Schrader, Otto (1901) Reallexikon der indogermanischen Altertumskunde: Grundzüge einer Kultur- und Völkergeschichte Alteuropas (in German), Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, page 331
  3. ^ Berneker, Erich (1908–1913) Slavisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Winter, page 559
  4. 4.0 4.1 “188”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological Dictionary of Slavic Languages] (in Russian), Moscow: Nauka, 1974–, page 10
  5. ^ Edelʹman, D. I. (2011) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume IV, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 218–220
  6. ^ Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, pages 51–52, 62
  7. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2001) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 552–553
  8. ^ Abajev, V. I. (1958) Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, pages 512–513
  9. ^ Steblin-Kamenskij, I.M. (1999) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ vaxanskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Wakhi Language] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Peterburgskoje Vostokovedenije, →ISBN, page 216
  10. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973) , “կանեփ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 513ab
  11. ^ Vasmer, Max (1967) , “конопля”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume II, translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress, page 312

Further reading[edit]