κάνναβις

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Κάνναβις, illustration in the Vienna Dioscurides

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A Kulturwort or Wanderwort of unknown ultimate origin, perhaps Scythian or Thracian[1] (according to a remark made by Herodotus, that Scythians and Thracians knew the plant[2]) or possibly “belonging to the pre-Indo-European agricultural layer”.[3]

A proposal going back to Schrader derives the word from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kana-pis: compare Eastern Mari кыне́ (kyné), Western Mari кӹне (kÿne, hemp) and Komi-Permyak пыш (pyš), Udmurt пыш (pyš, hemp),[4][5] but Finno-Ugricists deny the existence of such a compound[6].

Compare (inside the Indo-European language family) Albanian kërp, Old Armenian կանեփ (kanepʿ), կանափ (kanapʿ),[7] Proto-Slavic *konopь,[2][6] Lithuanian kanãpė, Latvian kaņepe, Old Prussian knapios, Proto-Germanic *hanapiz (> English hemp),[3] Middle Persian [script needed] (kʾnb /kā̆naβ/), Persian کنب(kanab), کنو(kanav), کنف(kanaf, kenaf),[8] Northern Kurdish kinif,[9] Sogdian [script needed] (kynpʾ /kēnapā/),[10] Khwarezmian [script needed] (knb-ynk), Ossetian гӕн (gæn), гӕнӕ (gænæ), Khotanese 𐨐𐨎𐨱(kaṃha), 𐨐𐨂𐨎𐨦𐨌(kuṃbā),[11] Wakhi kəm,[12] perhaps also to Sanskrit शण (śaṇá), Middle Persian [script needed] (šn' /šan/), the satem variants of the same etymon, and to Sanskrit भाङ्ग (bhāṅga), Persian بنگ(bang), the reverse forms of it (due to a taboo). Compare further Sumerian kunibu,[1] Neo-Assyrian Akkadian 𒋆𒄣𒌦𒈾𒁍 (qunnabu, qunappu, qun(u)bu), Classical Syriac ܩܢܦܐ(qnpʾ),[3] Arabic قِنَّب(qinnab), Georgian კანაფი (ḳanapi), Svan ქან (kan), Eastern Mari keṅe (keṅe), kiṅe (kiṅe), Karakalpak kenep, Turkish kenevir, kendir. The interrelationship of all these forms is disputed.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κάννᾰβῐς (kánnabisf (genitive καννάβῐος or καννάβεως or καννάβῐδος); third declension

  1. (uncountable) hemp (Cannabis sativa)
    Synonym: θᾰλᾰσσαίγλη (thalassaíglē)
  2. (countable) hemp seed

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 680–681
  2. 2.0 2.1 Vasmer, Max (1967), “конопля”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume II, translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress, page 312
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “hanipa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  4. ^ Schrader, Otto (1901) Reallexikon der indogermanischen Altertumskunde: Grundzüge einer Kultur- und Völkergeschichte Alteuropas (in German), Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, page 331
  5. ^ Berneker, Erich (1908–1913) Slavisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter's Universitätsbuchhandlung, page 559
  6. 6.0 6.1 “188”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological Dictionary of Slavic Languages] (in Russian), Moscow: Nauka, 1974–, page 10
  7. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կանեփ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 513ab
  8. ^ Edelʹman, D. I. (2011) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume IV, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 218–220
  9. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2001) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 552–553
  10. ^ Абаев, В. И. (1958) Историко-этимологический словарь осетинского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow, Leningrad: Academy Press, pages 512–513
  11. ^ Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, pages 51–52, 62
  12. ^ Steblin-Kamenskij, I.M. (1999) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ vaxanskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Wakhi Language] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Peterburgskoje Vostokovedenije, →ISBN, page 216

Further reading[edit]