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See also:
U+50AD, 傭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50AD

[U+50AC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50AE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人戈中月 (OILB), four-corner 20227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 114, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1007
  • Dae Jaweon: page 242, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 214, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+50AD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: yóng - obsolete.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ioŋ/
Wang
Li
/jĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*loŋ/
English hire

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15444
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*loŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. servant; maid
  2. to employ; to hire
  3. salary; wages
  4. Alternative form of (yōng, “ordinary; mediocre; a kind of tax during the Tang dynasty”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (10)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15437
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰoŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. equal; even; fair; just

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. employ, hire

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
よう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(よう) (

  1. hire; employ

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC jɨoŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 요ᇰ (Yale: yong) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 품팔이 (pumpari yong))

  1. Hanja form? of (employ; hire).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ʈʰɨoŋ).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 고를 (goreul chong))

  1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (even; fair).

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]