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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人山人土 (OUOG), four-corner 22214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 114, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1005
  • Dae Jaweon: page 242, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 211, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+50AC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰluːl): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  ‎(OC *zluːl, *sʰluːl).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰuʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰuoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰwəj/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰuᴀi/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰuɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cuī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cuī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshwoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tʰˤuj/
English urge, repress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1877
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰluːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to urge; to push someone to do something
    點解成日 [Cantonese, trad.]
    点解成日 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Dim2 gaai2 ngo5 seng4 jat6 jiu3 ceoi1 nei5 gaa3? [Jyutping]
    Why do I always have to urge you?
  2. to speed up; to accelerate

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(choe) (hangeul , revised choe, McCune-Reischauer ch'oe)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thôi, thòi, thui)

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