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U+592D, 夭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-592D

[U+592C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+592E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 37, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹大 (HK), four-corner 20430, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 249, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5838
  • Dae Jaweon: page 507, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 523, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+592D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
夭-oracle.svg 夭-bronze.svg 夭-silk.svg 夭-seal.svg 夭-bigseal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – a figure leaning forward, presumably running, hence energetic, young.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • iau - literary;
  • iáu - vernacular (俗).
Note:
  • iao1 - Shantou;
  • iou1 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (92)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiᴇuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiɛuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiawX/
Li
Rong
/ʔjɛuX/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jiu2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 14631
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrowʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to die young, to die prematurely
  2. to be aggrieved
  3. to devastate
  4. disaster

References[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • iau - literary;
  • iáu - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (92)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiaw/
Li
Rong
/ʔjɛu/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yāo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jiu1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjew ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ](r)aw/
English delicate, slender

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 14626
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrow/

Definitions[edit]

  1. young, fresh-looking
  2. tender, gentle
  3. lush
  4. Alternative form of (yāo).

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔawX/
Li
Rong
/ʔɑuX/
Wang
Li
/ɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ǎo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ou2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 14622
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoːwʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. young animal or plant

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. name of an ancient place

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 夭斜.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. young
  2. disaster

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yo, o) (hangeul , , revised yo, o, McCune–Reischauer yo, o, Yale yo, o)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: yểu, eo, ỉu, yếu, èo, yêu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.