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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
夭-oracle.svg 夭-bronze.svg 夭-silk.svg 夭-bigseal.svg 夭-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – a figure leaning forward, presumably running, hence energetic, young.

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹大 (HK), four-corner 20430, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 249, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5838
  • Dae Jaweon: page 507, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 523, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+592D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇu/ /ʔi̯ɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiaw/ /ĭɛu/ /ʔjæu/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇuX/ /ʔi̯ɛuX/ /ʔiɛuX/ /ʔiɛuX/ /ʔiawX/ /ĭɛuX/ /ʔjæuX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑuX/ /ʔɑuX/ /ʔɑuX/ /ʔɑuX/ /ʔawX/ /ɑuX/ /ʔɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yāo ‹ ʔjew › /*[ʔ](r)aw/ delicate, slender

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14622 3 /*qoːwʔ/
14626 3 /*qrow/
14631 3 /*qrowʔ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. young, fresh-looking
  2. tender, gentle

Verb[edit]

  1. to die young, to die prematurely

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yo, o) (hangeul , , revised yo, o, McCune-Reischauer yo, o, Yale yo, o)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yểu, eo, ỉu, yếu, èo, yêu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.