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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹大心 (HKP) or 一大心 (MKP), four-corner 20333, composition or ⿱)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 377, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10348
  • Dae Jaweon: page 704, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2279, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5FDD

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (忝), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 他玷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰemX/ /tʰiemX/ /tʰemX/ /tʰemX/ /tʰɛmX/ /tʰiemX/ /tʰɛmX/
Character (忝), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 他念切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰemH/ /tʰiemH/ /tʰemH/ /tʰemH/ /tʰɛmH/ /tʰiemH/ /tʰɛmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tiǎn ‹ themX › /*l̥ ˤ[i]mʔ/ disgrace (v.)
tiǎn ‹ themH › /*l̥ ˤ[i]mʔ-s/ disgrace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12382 2 /*l̥ʰiːmʔ/
12385 2 /*l̥ʰiːms/

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to shame

Adverb[edit]

  1. (literary, self-deprecating) ashamedly; with disgrace

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. tired
  2. serious; intense
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #3894”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thỏm, thiểm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]