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U+7802, 砂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7802

[U+7801]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7803]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一口火竹 (MRFH), four-corner 19620)

  1. sand
  2. pebbles, gravel
  3. gritty

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 827, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24046
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1242, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2420, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7802

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːlʔ, *sʰaːlʔ, *sraːl
*saːl, *saːlʔ
*saːl, *sraːl
*saːl
*saːl
*saːl, *sreŋʔ, *seŋʔ
*sraːl, *sraːls
*sraːl
*sraːl
*sraːl
*sraːl
*sraːl
髿 *sraːl, *soːl
*sraːl, *soːl
*soːl
*soːl

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sa - literary;
  • soa/see/se - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ʃa/
Wang
Li
/ʃa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shā
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11027
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sraːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
すな
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すな, romaji suna)

  1. sand
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
いさご
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いさご, romaji isago)

  1. sand

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana ちな, romaji china)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (suna).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ちな, romaji china)

  1. sand

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana しな, romaji shina)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (suna).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しな, romaji shina)

  1. sand