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U+5BA6, 宦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BA6

[U+5BA5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BA7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十尸中中 (JSLL), four-corner 30717, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 285, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7138
  • Dae Jaweon: page 563, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 924, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5BA6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
宦-bronze.svg 宦-silk.svg 宦-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (house) + (servant) – slave; servant.

Etymology[edit]

Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)(j)wal (slave; servant) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan ཁོལ་པོ (khol po, servant), Burmese ကျွန် (kywan, slave), Proto-Loloish *C-kywan¹ (slave), (OC *koːn, *kroːns).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huang6 - Shantou;
  • huêng6 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuanH/
Wang
Li
/ɣwanH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwænH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kʷˁ<r>a[n]-s/
English servant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5361
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hold public office
  2. government official
  3. eunuch
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠuanH). Recorded as Middle Korean 환〯 (Yale: hwan) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 벼슬 (byeoseul hwan))

  1. Hanja form? of (eunuch).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoạn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.