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U+6E56, 湖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E56

[U+6E55]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E57]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水十口月 (EJRB), four-corner 37120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 637, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17836
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1044, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1669, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6E56

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
湖-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaː): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɡaː).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤa/
English lake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4247
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. lake; loch
  2. Short for 湖北 (Húběi, “Hubei Province”).
  3. Short for 湖南 (Húnán, “Hunan Province”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
みずうみ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Compound of (mizu, water) +‎ (umi, ocean).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みずうみ, romaji mizuumi, historical hiragana みづうみ)

  1. a lake (body of water)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ho) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ)

  1. lake

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for lake is hồ.

References[edit]