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U+6E56, 湖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E56

[U+6E55]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E57]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水十口月 (EJRB), four-corner 37120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 637, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17836
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1044, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1669, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6E56

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
湖-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaː): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *ɡaː).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ô͘ - vernacular;
  • hô͘ - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣo/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˤa/
    English lake

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4247
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. lake; loch
    2. Short for 湖北 (Húběi, “Hubei Province”).
    3. Short for 湖南 (Húnán, “Hunan Province”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Ai-Cham: fu²
    • Korean: (ho)
    • Vietnamese: hồ
    • Zhuang: huz

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lake

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    みずうみ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    Wikipedia-logo.png
      on Japanese Wikipedia

    (mizu, water) +‎ (umi, sea)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みずうみ, rōmaji mizuumi, historical hiragana みづうみ)

    1. a lake (body of water)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ho) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hồ)

    1. lake

    Usage notes[edit]

    • The modern Vietnamese word for lake is hồ.

    References[edit]