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U+726F, 牯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-726F

[U+726E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7270]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 93, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹手十口 (HQJR), four-corner 24560, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 699, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19981
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1112, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1806, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+726F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːʔ): semantic  (cow) + phonetic  (OC *kaːʔ)

Etymology[edit]

Wang (1982) related this word to (OC *klaːʔ) "(black) ram" and (OC *kraː) "boar".

However, Schuessler (2007) suggested an Austroasiatic origin: compare these Bahnaric lexical items Koho klaw, Chrau klo:, Bulo Stieng klaw "male" (all from Proto-Bahnaric *kləw < Proto-Mon-Khmer *t₁l(ə)w(ʔ) (male)), as well as Khmer [script needed] (kloh, male, virile) & [script needed] (kamloh, young man).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. bull
    Synonyms: 牯牛 (gǔniú), 公牛 (gōngniú)
  2. female cow
    Synonyms: 母牛 (mǔniú)
  3. steer; ox

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): (ko), (ku)
  • Kun: おうし (oushi)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune–Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.