basin

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Basin, bäsin, and basın

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English basin, from Old French bacin, from Vulgar Latin *baccinum, from Late Latin bacca(wine jug), from Gaulish *baskis, from Proto-Celtic *baskis(bundle) (compare Welsh baich(load, burden), Irish bac(hindrance)).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

basin ‎(plural basins)

  1. A wide bowl for washing, sometimes affixed to a wall.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, Act II, Scene 1,[1]
      First, as you know, my house within the city
      Is richly furnished with plate and gold,
      Basins and ewers to lave her dainty hands;
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, John 13:5,[2]
      After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.
    • 1766, Tobias Smollett, Travels Through France and Italy, Letter V,[3]
      What then, you will say, must a man sit with his chops and fingers up to the ears and knuckles in grease? No; let those who cannot eat without defiling themselves, step into another room, provided with basons and towels: but I think it would be better to institute schools, where youth may learn to eat their victuals, without daubing themselves, or giving offence to the eyes of one another.
    • 1923, Willa Cather, One of Ours, Book One, Chapter 1,[4]
      Everybody had washed before going to bed, apparently, and the bowls were ringed with a dark sediment which the hard, alkaline water had not dissolved. Shutting the door on this disorder, he turned back to the kitchen, took Mahailey’s tin basin, doused his face and head in cold water, and began to plaster down his wet hair.
  2. (obsolete) A shallow bowl used for a single serving of a drink or liquidy food.
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, Chapter 15,[5]
      [] Mr. John Knightley, ashamed of his ill-humour, was now all kindness and attention; and so particularly solicitous for the comfort of her father, as to seem—if not quite ready to join him in a basin of gruel—perfectly sensible of its being exceedingly wholesome []
    • 1826, George Wood, The Subaltern Officer: A Narrative, London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, Chapter 7, p. 109,[6]
      They have a good basin of coffee or cocoa for breakfast []
    • 1838, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, Chapter 2,[7]
      He rose from the table; and advancing to the master, basin and spoon in hand, said: somewhat alarmed at his own temerity: ¶ ‘Please, sir, I want some more.’
    • 1893, Gilbert Parker, “The March of the White Guard,” in Tavistock Tales, New York: Tait Sons & Co., p. 27,[8]
      Gaspé Toujours is drinking a basin of tea, and Jeff Hyde is fitfully dozing by the fire.
    • 1915, Sarah Broom Macnaughtan, A Woman’s Diary of the War, New York: Dutton, 1916, Chapter 7, p. 99,[9]
      A steaming basin of coffee or soup revived them greatly, and even having to decide which of these refreshments they would have, and helping themselves to bread, pulled them together a little.
  3. A depression, natural or artificial, containing water.
    • 1876, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Chapter 31,[10]
      This shortly brought them to a bewitching spring, whose basin was incrusted with a frostwork of glittering crystals []
    • 1891, Frederic Farrar, Darkness at Dawn, Chapter 6,[11]
      The fountains were plashing musically into marble and alabaster basins.
    • 1926, D. H. Lawrence, The Plumed Serpent, Chapter 2,[12]
      There was a stone basin of clear but motionless water, and the heavy reddish-and-yellow arches went round the courtyard with warrior-like fatality, their bases in dark shadow.
  4. (geography) An area of land from which water drains into a specific river.
    • 2012 January 1, Douglas Larson, “Runaway Devils Lake”, in American Scientist[13], volume 100, number 1, page 46:
      Devils Lake is where I began my career as a limnologist in 1964, studying the lake’s neotenic salamanders and chironomids, or midge flies. […] The Devils Lake Basin is an endorheic, or closed, basin covering about 9,800 square kilometers in northeastern North Dakota.
  5. (geography) A rock formation scooped out by water erosion.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (bowl for washing): sink

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

basin

  1. third-person plural present subjunctive form of basar
  2. third-person plural imperative form of basar

Cebuano[edit]

Adverb[edit]

basin

  1. maybe

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French bombasin, ultimately from Medieval Latin bambax, from Ancient Greek πάμϐαξ(pámϐax, cotton).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

basin m ‎(plural basins)

  1. (textiles, historical) bombasine

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Hiligaynon[edit]

Noun[edit]

basín

  1. toilet

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

basin ‎(plural basins)

  1. basin
  2. water basin

Declension[edit]