раковина

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formed from ра́ка (ráka, old-style casket, chest) (historical, outdated) +‎ -овина (-ovina). At least the secondary meaning cavity, flaw (if not the word itself) is borrowed from Russian ра́ковина (rákovina).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ра́ковина or ракови́на (rákovina or rakovínaf

  1. shell (exoskeleton of mollusca, typically snails, rapana, mussels)
    Synonym: черу́пка (čerúpka)
  2. (material science) blister, cavity, blowhole, flaw (formed during the solidification of a melted material, e.g. metal, concrete)

Declension[edit]

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Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
раковина

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic раковина (rakovina, mother of pearl). Per Vasmer, from Proto-Slavic *orky (shell) (genitive *orkъve) + *-ina, from Proto-Germanic *arkō (chest, coffer), from Latin arca (chest, coffer, coffin). Cognate with ра́ка (ráka, shrine of a saint, originally coffin), from the same Latin source, and with Slovene rákəv (coffin, crypt), Czech rakev (coffin), rakvice (shell), Slovak rakev (box), Polabian rakåí (box).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrakəvʲɪnə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ра́ковина (rákovinaf inan (genitive ра́ковины, nominative plural ра́ковины, genitive plural ра́ковин, diminutive раку́шка or ра́кушка)

  1. shell (hard calcareous external covering of mollusks)
  2. (anatomy) pinna, auricle, helix (the external ear)
  3. sink, washbowl, basin, bowl
  4. vesicle
  5. bandstand
  6. (metallurgy) blister, cavity, bubble, flaw, blowhole

Declension[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

  • Uzbek: rakovina