Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ina

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This reconstruction page lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Compare Lithuanian -ynas and -iena.

Suffix[edit]

*-ina f

  1. Denominal, forming collectives denoting something of vital importance.
    *drugъ (friend)*družina (team, company)
    *rodъ (kin, tribe)*rodina (people or land belonging to the family)
  2. Denominal, forming collectives denoting names of trees, woods and bushes.
    *dervo (wood)*dervina (sticks, trees)
    *dǫbъ (oak)*dǫbina (oak forest)
  3. (by extension) Denominal, forming collective nouns that act as singulatives.
    *berza (birch)*berzovina (birch forest; birch)
    *zvěrь (animal)*zvěrina (animals, game; animal)
  4. Deadjectival, denoting a property or a result.
    *bělъ (white)*bělina (whiteness)
    *blizъ (close)*blizina (closeness), *bližina (closeness)
    *jьstъ (true)*jьstina (truth)
    *novъ (new)*novina (something new)
    *bystrъ (rapid, fast)*bystrina (cleverness, quickness in thought)
    *tixъ (silent)*tišina (silence)
    *glǫbokъ (deep)*glǫbina (depth)
    *čistъ (clear, pure)*čistina (purity)
  5. Denominal, miscellaneous uses.
    *dolъ (valley, depression)*dolina (valley)
    *govędo (ox)*govędina (ox meat)
    *agnę (lamb)*agnętina (lamb meat)
    *bolto (mud)*boltina, *boltovina (swamp, marsh)
  6. Denominal, for expressive formations, usually of augmentative and pejorative connotation.
    *golva (head)*golvina
    *lupa (shell, husk)*lupina
    *konьcь (end)*konьčina
    *godъ*godina (the right time)
  7. Denominal or deverbal, forming agentive and action nouns.
    *gostь, *gostiti*gostina (hospitality)
    *brat(r)ъ, *brat(r)iti sę*bratina, *bratrina (fraternity)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-izna not found


Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ина (-ina)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

References[edit]

  • Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume 1, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 120ff
  • Šekli, Matej (2012), “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32