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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Inherited from Proto-Balto-Slavic *dumbas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰu-m-bʰ-os with nasal interfix, from *dʰewbʰ- (deep).

Originally literally “tree with a depression, hollow (a characteristic feature of an old oak)” or “low-lying (oak likes to grow in low-lying and damp places)”. Compare Lithuanian dum̃blas (swamp).

Outdated etymologies associated *dǫbъ with a Proto-Indo-European root *dem- (to build).

The etymon is attested both as an o-stem and as a u-stem, but per Vasmer, the original more likely was u-stem.


*dǫ̑bъ m[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. oak tree
  2. oak (wood)


Related terms[edit]



  1. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1978), “*dǫbъ”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 5 (*dělo – *dьržьlь), Moscow: Nauka, page 95
  2. ^ Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1981), “dǫ̑bъ 1”, in Słownik prasłowiański [Proto-Slavic Dictionary] (in Polish), volume 4 (dob'estь – družьstvo), Wrocław: Ossolineum, →ISBN, page 185
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*dǫ̑bъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 114: “m. o (c) ‘oak’”
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “dǫbъ”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (NA 126; PR 137); d (RPT 102)”
  5. ^ Anikin, A. E. (2021), “дуб I”, in Русский этимологический словарь [Russian Etymological Dictionary] (in Russian), issue 15 (друг – еренга), Moscow: Nestor-Historia, →ISBN, page 63: “прасл. *dǫbъ
  6. ^ Lehr-Spławiński, T.; Polański, K. (1962), “dǫ̇b”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka Drzewian połabskich [Etymological Dictionary of the Polabian Drevani Language] (in Polish), issue 1 (a – ďüzd), Wrocław; Warszawa etc.: Ossolineum, page 118: “*dǫbъ

Further reading[edit]