-овина

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally from -ина (-ina) added to adjectives ending in -овый (-ovyj) or -ово́й (-ovój); later extracted out as its own suffix.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • -ови́на: IPA(key): [ɐˈvʲinə]
  • -о́вина: IPA(key): [ˈovʲɪnə]

Suffix[edit]

-ови́на or -о́вина (-ovína or -óvina)

  1. suffix appended to nouns, adjectives, etc. to form nouns of various sorts, generally referring to more specific objects than the base lemma
    кле́йкий (kléjkij, sticky) + ‎-ови́на (-ovína) → ‎клейкови́на (klejkovína, gluten)
    пуп (pup, navel) + ‎-ови́на (-ovína) → ‎пупови́на (pupovína, umbilical cord)
    шту́ка (štúka, thing) + ‎-о́вина (-óvina) → ‎штуко́вина (štukóvina, thingamajig, widget (colloquial))
    крест (krest, cross) + ‎-ови́на (-ovína) → ‎крестови́на (krestovína, crosspiece) (кресто́вый (krestóvyj) exists but refers not to crosses, but rather to crusades)
    полу- (polu-, half) + ‎-ови́на (-ovína) → ‎полови́на (polovína, half, moiety)
    котёл (kotjól, cauldron) (stem котл- (kotl-)) + ‎-ови́на (-ovína) → ‎котлови́на (kotlovína, kettle, hollow) (geology)

Usage notes[edit]

  • When added to reducible nouns, the noun assumes its reduced form before the suffix (cf. котлови́на (kotlovína) above).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]