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See also: Kettle


Tea kettle.


  • enPR: kĕt'(ə)l, IPA(key): /ˈkɛ.təl/, [ˈkʰɛtᵊɫ̩]
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɛ.təl/, [ˈkʰɛɾɫ̩]
  • (file)
  • (dated, regional US) IPA(key): /ˈkɪtəl/[1]
  • Rhymes: -ɛtəl

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English ketel, also chetel, from Old English ċietel (kettle, cauldron) and in Middle English possibly influenced by Old Norse ketill and both from Proto-Germanic *katilaz (kettle, bucket, vessel), of uncertain origin and formation. Usually regarded as a borrowing of Late Latin catīllus (small bowl), diminutive of Latin catinus (deep bowl, vessel for cooking up or serving food), however, the word may be Germanic confused with the Latin: compare Old English cete (cooking pot), Old High German chezzi (a kettle, dish, bowl), Icelandic kati, ketla (a small boat). Cognate with West Frisian tsjettel (kettle), Dutch ketel (kettle), German Kessel (kettle), Swedish kittel (cauldron), Swedish kittel (kettle), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐍄𐌹𐌻𐍃 (katils, kettle), Finnish kattila, Polish kocioł (cauldron), Czech kotel (boiler), Russian котёл (kotjól, boiler, cauldron).[2]


kettle (plural kettles)

  1. A vessel for boiling a liquid or cooking food, usually metal and equipped with a lid.
    To cook pasta, you first need to put the kettle on.
    There's a hot kettle of soup on the stove.
  2. The quantity held by a kettle.
  3. A vessel or appliance used to boil water for the preparation of hot beverages and other foodstuffs.
    Synonym: teakettle
    Stick the kettle on and we'll have a nice cup of tea.
  4. (geology) A kettle hole, sometimes any pothole.
  5. (ornithology, collective) A group of raptors riding a thermal, especially when migrating.
    a kettle of hawks
    • 2010, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, Raptors of New Mexico:
      Kettles can consist of thousands of birds migrating together.
  6. (rail transport, slang) A steam locomotive
  7. (music) A kettledrum.
  8. An instance of kettling; a group of protesters or rioters confined in a limited area.
  9. (slang) A watch. Cockney rhyming slang from 'kettle and hob' to 'fob' (fob watch)
Usage notes[edit]

In most varieties of English outside the United States (UK, Irish, Australian, New Zealand, Canadian), if not specified otherwise, kettle usually refers to a vessel or appliance used to boil water.

Derived terms[edit]


kettle (third-person singular simple present kettles, present participle kettling, simple past and past participle kettled)

  1. (originally British, of the police) To contain demonstrators in a confined area.
    • 2009, John O'Connor, G20: The upside of kettling: The Guardian[1]:
      [] to contain demonstrators for hours in a confined spot. This tactic, known as kettling, is seen by some as an attempt to prevent people lawfully demonstrating.
  2. (intransitive) Of a boiler: to make a whistling sound like the boiling of a kettle, indicative of various types of fault.

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


kettle (plural kettles)

  1. Alternative form of kiddle (kind of fishweir)


  1. ^ Hans Kurath and Raven Ioor McDavid (1961). The pronunciation of English in the Atlantic States: based upon the collections of the linguistic atlas of the Eastern United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, p. 133.
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary 2ed. "kettle"


Alternative forms[edit]


Unadapted borrowing from English kettle.



kettle (definite accusative kettleı, plural kettlelar)

  1. kettle (vessel for boiling a liquid or cooking food)
    Synonyms: kazan, ketıl, su ısıtıcısı, su kaynatıcısı


Nominative kettle
Definite accusative kettleı
Singular Plural
Nominative kettle kettlelar
Definite accusative kettleı kettleları
Dative kettlea kettlelara
Locative kettleda kettlelarda
Ablative kettledan kettlelardan
Genitive kettleın kettleların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular kettleım kettlelarım
2nd singular kettleın kettleların
3rd singular kettleı kettleları
1st plural kettleımız kettlelarımız
2nd plural kettleınız kettlelarınız
3rd plural kettleları kettleları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular kettleımı kettlelarımı
2nd singular kettleını kettlelarını
3rd singular kettleını kettlelarını
1st plural kettleımızı kettlelarımızı
2nd plural kettleınızı kettlelarınızı
3rd plural kettlelarını kettlelarını
Singular Plural
1st singular kettleıma kettlelarıma
2nd singular kettleına kettlelarına
3rd singular kettleına kettlelarına
1st plural kettleımıza kettlelarımıza
2nd plural kettleınıza kettlelarınıza
3rd plural kettlelarına kettlelarına
Singular Plural
1st singular kettleımda kettlelarımda
2nd singular kettleında kettlelarında
3rd singular kettleında kettlelarında
1st plural kettleımızda kettlelarımızda
2nd plural kettleınızda kettlelarınızda
3rd plural kettlelarında kettlelarında
Singular Plural
1st singular kettleımdan kettlelarımdan
2nd singular kettleından kettlelarından
3rd singular kettleından kettlelarından
1st plural kettleımızdan kettlelarımızdan
2nd plural kettleınızdan kettlelarınızdan
3rd plural kettlelarından kettlelarından
Singular Plural
1st singular kettleımın kettlelarımın
2nd singular kettleının kettlelarının
3rd singular kettleının kettlelarının
1st plural kettleımızın kettlelarımızın
2nd plural kettleınızın kettlelarınızın
3rd plural kettlelarının kettlelarının