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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土月中一 (GBLM), four-corner 40107)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 243, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5657
  • Dae Jaweon: page 484, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 468, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+58FA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuo/ /ɣuo/ /ɣo/ /ɦuo/ /ɦɔ/ /ɣu/ /ɣo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hu › /*[ɡ](ʷ)ˤa/ flask

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5286 0 /*ɡʷlaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. vase, jar, pot, jug
  2. A kettle (vessel used when boiling liquid).
  3. Classifier for pots of liquid.
  4. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with ‎(tsubo). Likely shares its origin with ‎(tsubu), in expressing the idea of something round and bulging outward.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つぼ, romaji tsubo)

  1. container or depression:
    1. A pot or jar; a vessel or bottle.
    2. A basin, as at the base of a waterfall.
    3. A pressure point in acupressure or acupuncture.
  2. The core or heart of an issue.

Usage notes[edit]

In acupuncture and acupressure contexts, this word is most often spelled either in hiragana as つぼ or in katakana as ツボ.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ)

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