полу-

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See also: полу and полю

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

полу- (polu-)

  1. (highly productive, takes nouns, produces compound nouns) semi-, demi-, half-[3]
    полукругpolukrug(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полумра́кpolumrák(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуостровpoluostrov(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусонpoluson(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полупроводни́кpoluprovodník(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуавтома́тpoluavtomát(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. (highly productive, takes nouns in genitive case, produces compound nouns) semi-, demi-, half- paired with пол- form[4]
    полкомнатыpolkomnaty(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полпроцентаpolprocenta(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полведраpolvedra(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полчасаpolčasa(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пол-очкаpol-očka(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пол-Москвыpol-Moskvy(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полмираpolmira(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полбедыpolbedy(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полсутокpolsutok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полденьpoldenʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полночьpolnočʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полудняpoludnja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуночиpolunoči(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. (takes adjective, produces compound adjective) semi-, demi-, half-[5]
    полушерстяно́йpolušerstjanój(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полулега́льныйpolulegálʹnyj(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуосвещённыйpoluosveščónnyj(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полувьющийсяpoluvʹjuščijsja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  4. (productive, takes verbs, produces compound verbs) incompletely[6]
    полузакрытьpoluzakrytʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полулежатьpoluležatʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуодетьpoluodetʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусидетьpolusidetʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуистлетьpoluistletʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полускрытьpoluskrytʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусгибаетсяpolusgibajetsja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  5. (takes adverb, produces compound adverb) incompletely[7]
    полулёжаpoluljóža(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусидяpolusidja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полушутяpolušutja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полутемноpolutemno(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полушутяpolušutja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полувсерьезpoluvserʹjez(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полунаугадpolunaugad(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notes[edit]

  • When the meaning of "half" is still present in a word with this prefix, this prefix almost always receives secondary stress and the /o/ vowel is almost never reduced.

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *polъ (half).

Prefix[edit]

полу- (Latin spelling polu-)

  1. semi-, demi-

Derived terms[edit]