gluten

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See also: Gluten and glúten

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French gluten, borrowed from Latin glūten (glue).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gluten (countable and uncountable, plural glutens)

  1. (obsolete) Fibrin (formerly considered as one of the "animal humours"). [16th-19th c.]
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069:, Bk.I, New York, 2001, p.147:
      The radical or innate is daily supplied by nourishment, which some call cambium, and make those secondary humours of ros and gluten to maintain it []
  2. (rare) Any gluey, sticky substance. [from 17th c.]
    • 1990, Camille Paglia, Sexual Personae:
      The tyrant machine is the female body, grinding and milling the pulp of matter, the gluten of human flesh.
  3. (cooking, biochemistry) The major protein in cereal grains, especially wheat; responsible for the elasticity in dough and the structure in baked bread. [from 19th c.]
    • 2004, Harold McGee, chapter 10, in On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen, Scribner, ISBN 978-0-684-80001-1:
      Chew on a small piece of dough, and it becomes more compact but persists as a gum-like, elastic mass, the residue that the Chinese named “the muscle of flour” and that we call gluten. It consists mainly of protein, and includes what may well be the largest protein molecules to be found in the natural world.
    • 2010, Felicity Cloake, Word of Mouth Blog, The Guardian, 10 Jun 2010:
      Unfortunately, wholemeal bread is, according to many experts, a tricky thing to get right, as the lower gluten content of the flour makes for dense results []
  4. (geology) A gluey, sticky mass of clay, bitumen etc. [from 19th c.]
    • 1988, James McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, Oxford 2004, p. 669:
      Despite constant rain that turned roads to gluten, the Yankees kept moving.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin gluten (glue).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: glu‧ten

Noun[edit]

gluten n (uncountable)

  1. gluten

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin glūten (glue).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gluten m (plural glutens)

  1. gluten

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *gloiten, from Proto-Indo-European *glóh₁ytn̥, from *gleh₁y- (to stick; to spread, to smear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glūten n (genitive glūtinis); third declension

  1. glue

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative glūten glūtina
genitive glūtinis glūtinum
dative glūtinī glūtinibus
accusative glūten glūtina
ablative glūtine glūtinibus
vocative glūten glūtina

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • gluten in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gluten in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “gluten”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • gluten” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • glue in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin gluten (glue).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gluten m (plural glutenes)

  1. (biochemistry) gluten

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin gluten (glue).

Noun[edit]

gluten n

  1. gluten