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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +5, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田中竹日火 (WLHAF), four-corner 67527, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1487, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2018, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4623, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9D28

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Shuowen commented that is the colloquial name for (“duck”). Probably onomatopoeic in origin.

Also meaning "duck" in Old Chinese is , which is a Tai-Kadai loanword.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia⁵⁵/
Harbin /ia⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iɑ²¹/
Jinan /ia²¹³/
Qingdao /ia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ia²⁴/
Xi'an /ia²¹/
Xining /ia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ia¹³/
Lanzhou /ia¹³/
Ürümqi /ia²¹³/
Wuhan /ia²¹³/
Chengdu /ia³¹/
Guiyang /ia²¹/
Kunming /ia̠³¹/
Nanjing /iɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /iɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iaʔ²/
Pingyao /ŋʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /iaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /aʔ⁵/
Suzhou /aʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /a²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ŋaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ŋɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ia²⁴/
/ŋa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ŋɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ŋaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ap̚¹/
Taoyuan /ɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ap̚³/
Nanning /ap̚³³/
Hong Kong /ap̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ap̚³²/
/aʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /a²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /aʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /a⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (150)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠap̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚap̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔap̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔap̚/
Wang
Li
/ap̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔap̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ya
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5944
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːb/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. duck
    北京 / 北京  ―  Běijīng kǎo  ―  Peking duck, Beijing (roast) duck
  2. (slang) male prostitute

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kamo): a pair of ducks.
Kanji in this term
かも
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Unknown. Possibly alteration of Old Japanese 浮かむ ‎(ukamu, to float), modern 浮かぶ ‎(ukabu). Alternatively, may derive from Middle Chinese ‎(/ngænH/, a type of wild goose), borrowed with the kan'on reading gan, with initial g changing to k due to the avoidance of voiced stops at the start of Japanese words, and final n changing to mu due to apparent lack of final n in Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かも, katakana カモ, romaji kamo)

  1. a duck
  2. (slang) (from the way ducks return to the same place and are thus easy to hunt) a mark or easy target for a swindle, someone who is likely to lose at gambling or other competition
  3. (slang) (from the good flavor of duck meat) short for 鴨の味 ‎(kamo no aji, duck flavor): a very good flavor; by extension, any remarkably good sensation or feeling, particularly describing happy married life
  4. (slang) (from the uniform of black clothing) short for 黒鴨 ‎(kurogamo, black duck): a male servant, such as a butler or chauffeur (compare English penguin)
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カモ.

Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from the duck sense above, in reference to the 鴨川 ‎(Kamogawa, literally duck river) flowing through Kyoto.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かも, romaji Kamo)

  1. A surname​.
  2. any of various places, particularly in Kyoto

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ap)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ap, McCune-Reischauer: ap, Yale: ap)
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Middle Vietnamese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *viːt

Noun[edit]

‎(uịt)

  1. duck, drake

Descendants[edit]

  • Vietnamese: vịt ()

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(áp, vịt)

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