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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木十中女 (DJLV), four-corner 45944, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 534, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14980
  • Dae Jaweon: page 922, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1229, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+68F2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕi³¹/
/t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕi⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰi³¹/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Pingyao
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰi³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰei³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰi³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰi³³/
Xiangtan /si³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /t͡si⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐi⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐi⁵³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /se⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/ ~身
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰi³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sei/ /siei/ /sei/ /sei/ /sɛj/ /siei/ /sɛi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sej › /*s-nˤər/ bird's nest

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9924 1 西 /*siːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to perch
  2. to roost
  3. to stay

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune-Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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