sumu

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See also: šumu and šūmū

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Mandarin 蘇木苏木 (sūmù), from Mongolian ᠰᠤᠮᠤ (sumu), from Manchu ᠨᡳᡵᡠ (niru, a large arrow, militia company, district). Ultimately from Proto-Mongolic *sumun (arrow).

Noun[edit]

sumu (plural sumu or sumus)

  1. Alternative form of sum (Mongolian administrative division), sometimes used in relation to Inner Mongolia.

Anagrams[edit]

Dongxiang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *sumun, compare Mongolian сум (sum).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumu

  1. arrow

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sumu. Related to sumea, Ingrian sumu, Karelian sumu, Veps sumeg. Possible non-Balto-Finnic cognates include Northern Sami sopmu (probably borrowed from Finnic) and Erzya сув (suv).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsumu/, [ˈs̠umu]
  • Rhymes: -umu
  • Syllabification(key): su‧mu

Noun[edit]

sumu

  1. fog, mist
  2. (astronomy) nebula

Usage notes[edit]

  • The words sumu, usva and utu all describe "water vapor lightly suspended near the ground", but – strictly speaking – at different degrees. However, they may often be used synonymously with no discretion.
    • Utu describes very light vapor near the ground, especially that occurring in the morning and therefore it is translated usually as "mist" or "haze".
    • Usva describes a bit thicker vapor than utu near the ground, especially when considering the water travelling conditions. Therefore, it is translated usually as "mist", "haze" or "fog".
    • Sumu describes very thick vapor obscuring the visibility near the ground and thus, it is translated usually as "mist" or "fog".

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sumu (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative sumu sumut
genitive sumun sumujen
partitive sumua sumuja
illative sumuun sumuihin
singular plural
nominative sumu sumut
accusative nom. sumu sumut
gen. sumun
genitive sumun sumujen
partitive sumua sumuja
inessive sumussa sumuissa
elative sumusta sumuista
illative sumuun sumuihin
adessive sumulla sumuilla
ablative sumulta sumuilta
allative sumulle sumuille
essive sumuna sumuina
translative sumuksi sumuiksi
abessive sumutta sumuitta
instructive sumuin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of sumu (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sumuni sumuni
accusative nom. sumuni sumuni
gen. sumuni
genitive sumuni sumujeni
partitive sumuani sumujani
inessive sumussani sumuissani
elative sumustani sumuistani
illative sumuuni sumuihini
adessive sumullani sumuillani
ablative sumultani sumuiltani
allative sumulleni sumuilleni
essive sumunani sumuinani
translative sumukseni sumuikseni
abessive sumuttani sumuittani
instructive
comitative sumuineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sumusi sumusi
accusative nom. sumusi sumusi
gen. sumusi
genitive sumusi sumujesi
partitive sumuasi sumujasi
inessive sumussasi sumuissasi
elative sumustasi sumuistasi
illative sumuusi sumuihisi
adessive sumullasi sumuillasi
ablative sumultasi sumuiltasi
allative sumullesi sumuillesi
essive sumunasi sumuinasi
translative sumuksesi sumuiksesi
abessive sumuttasi sumuittasi
instructive
comitative sumuinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sumumme sumumme
accusative nom. sumumme sumumme
gen. sumumme
genitive sumumme sumujemme
partitive sumuamme sumujamme
inessive sumussamme sumuissamme
elative sumustamme sumuistamme
illative sumuumme sumuihimme
adessive sumullamme sumuillamme
ablative sumultamme sumuiltamme
allative sumullemme sumuillemme
essive sumunamme sumuinamme
translative sumuksemme sumuiksemme
abessive sumuttamme sumuittamme
instructive
comitative sumuinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sumunne sumunne
accusative nom. sumunne sumunne
gen. sumunne
genitive sumunne sumujenne
partitive sumuanne sumujanne
inessive sumussanne sumuissanne
elative sumustanne sumuistanne
illative sumuunne sumuihinne
adessive sumullanne sumuillanne
ablative sumultanne sumuiltanne
allative sumullenne sumuillenne
essive sumunanne sumuinanne
translative sumuksenne sumuiksenne
abessive sumuttanne sumuittanne
instructive
comitative sumuinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative sumunsa sumunsa
accusative nom. sumunsa sumunsa
gen. sumunsa
genitive sumunsa sumujensa
partitive sumuaan
sumuansa
sumujaan
sumujansa
inessive sumussaan
sumussansa
sumuissaan
sumuissansa
elative sumustaan
sumustansa
sumuistaan
sumuistansa
illative sumuunsa sumuihinsa
adessive sumullaan
sumullansa
sumuillaan
sumuillansa
ablative sumultaan
sumultansa
sumuiltaan
sumuiltansa
allative sumulleen
sumullensa
sumuilleen
sumuillensa
essive sumunaan
sumunansa
sumuinaan
sumuinansa
translative sumukseen
sumuksensa
sumuikseen
sumuiksensa
abessive sumuttaan
sumuttansa
sumuittaan
sumuittansa
instructive
comitative sumuineen
sumuinensa

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sumu. Cognates include Finnish sumu and Livvi sumu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumu

  1. Synonym of tomakka

Declension[edit]

Declension of sumu (type 4/koivu, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative sumu sumut
genitive sumun summuin, sumuloin
partitive summua sumuja, sumuloja
illative summuu summui, sumuloihe
inessive sumus sumuis, sumulois
elative sumust sumuist, sumuloist
allative sumulle sumuille, sumuloille
adessive sumul sumuil, sumuloil
ablative sumult sumuilt, sumuloilt
translative sumuks sumuiks, sumuloiks
essive sumunna, summuun sumuinna, sumuloinna, summuin, sumuloin
exessive1) sumunt sumuint, sumuloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 550

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sumu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of すむ

Swahili[edit]

Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُمّ (summ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

sumu (n class, plural sumu)

  1. poison
  2. venom

Descendants[edit]

  • Kikuyu: thumu

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely through Proto-Ternate-Tidore, from Malay sumur or Javanese ꦱꦸꦩꦸꦂ (sumur), both from Old Javanese sumur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumu

  1. a well

Descendants[edit]

  • Galela: sumu
  • Loloda: sumu
  • Tobelo: humu (Heleworuru, Boeng)
  • Pagu: sumu
  • Tabaru: sumu

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Yakan[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sumu

  1. tomorrow