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Etymology 1[edit]


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪ʋɐɽ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /s̪ʋɐɽ/
  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪ʋɐ́ɽ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /s̪ʋɐɽ/
  • Root[edit]

    स्वर् (svar)

    1. Alternative spelling of सुर् (sur)
    2. to make music

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Proto-Indo-Aryan *súHar, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *súHar (compare Avestan 𐬵𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭‎ (huuar‎), Persian خور (xvar)), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥. Cognate with Old English sōl, Old Norse sól, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌹𐌻 (sauil), Old Church Slavonic слъньцє (slŭnĭce), Ancient Greek ἥλιος (hḗlios), Latin sōl.


    स्वर् (svár)

    1. sun
    2. sunshine, light
    3. sky, heaven (RV., etc.)
    4. space between the sun and the polar star, as the third of the व्याहृति (vyāhṛti, names of the upper worlds used as mystical utterance) (Mn., MBh., etc.)
    5. water (Naigh.)
    6. a name of Shiva (MBh.)

    Derived terms[edit]


    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1281