ἥλιος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *hāwélios, from a pre-Hellenic or later Proto-Indo-European *sāwélios, from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥. Cognate with Old Church Slavonic слъньцє (slŭnĭce), Latin sol, Sanskrit सूर (sūra) and सूर्य (sūrya) and स्वर् (svar), Avestan 𐬵𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭 (huuar), Persian خور (xwar).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /hɛ̌ː.li.os/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈ(h)e.li.os/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈi.li.os/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈi.li.os/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈi.li.os/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἥλῐος (hḗliosm (genitive ἡλῐ́ου); second declension (Attic, Ionic, Koine)

    1. sun
    2. east
    3. day
    4. sunshine

    Inflection[edit]

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