hale

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See also: Hale, halé, hâlé, hâle, halë, and halę

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English hǣlu, hǣl, from a noun-derivative of Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole, healthy).

Noun[edit]

hale (uncountable)

  1. (archaic) Health, welfare.
    • Edmund Spenser
      all heedless of his dearest hale
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Representing a Northern dialectal form of Old English hāl (whole), perhaps influenced by Old Norse heill (Webster's suggests ‘partly from Old English, partly from Old Norse’), both from Proto-Germanic *hailaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole). Cognate with Dutch heel (complete, full, whole), Danish hel (full, whole, entire), German heil (whole, intact, unhurt, safe), Icelandic heill (complete, entire, whole), Norwegian hel (whole, unbroken), Swedish hel (whole, complete, not broken; in order). Compare whole, hail (adjective).

Adjective[edit]

hale (comparative haler, superlative halest)

  1. (dated) Sound, entire, healthy; robust, not impaired.
    • Jonathan Swift
      Last year we thought him strong and hale.
    • 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Chapter V
      "Good morrow to thee, jolly fellow," quoth Robin, "thou seemest happy this merry morn."
      "Ay, that am I," quoth the jolly Butcher, "and why should I not be so? Am I not hale in wind and limb? Have I not the bonniest lass in all Nottinghamshire? And lastly, am I not to be married to her on Thursday next in sweet Locksley Town?"
Usage notes[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English halen, from Anglo-Norman haler, from Old Dutch *halon (compare Dutch halen), from Proto-Germanic *halōną (compare Old English ġeholian, West Frisian helje, German holen), from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to lift) (compare Latin ex-cellō (to surpass), Tocharian B käly- (to stand, stay), Albanian qell (to halt, hold up, carry), Lithuanian kélti (to raise up), Ancient Greek κελέοντες (keléontes, upright beam on a loom)). Doublet of haul.

Verb[edit]

hale (third-person singular simple present hales, present participle haling, simple past and past participle haled)

  1. To drag, pull, especially forcibly.
    • , II.6:
      For I had beene vilely hurried and haled by those poore men, which had taken the paines to carry me upon their armes a long and wearysome way, and to say truth, they had all beene wearied twice or thrice over, and were faine to shift severall times.
    • 1820, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Prometheus Unbound, act 1:
      The wingless, crawling hours, one among whom / As some dark Priest hales the reluctant victim / Shall drag thee, cruel King, to kiss the blood.
    • 1909, Archibald Marshall, The Squire's Daughter, chapterI:
      He tried to persuade Cicely to stay away from the ball-room for a fourth dance. [] But she said she must go back, and when they joined the crowd again her partner was haled off with a frightened look to the royal circle, [].
    • 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial, 2007, page 262:
      They will hale the King to Paris, and have him under their eye.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Central Franconian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • halde (few dialects, including Kölsch)

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German *haldan, northern variant of haltan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hale (third-person singular present hält, past tense heelt or hielt, past participle jehale or gehale or gehal)

  1. (most dialects) to hold

Usage notes[edit]

  • The forms heelt; jehale are Ripuarian, whereas all given forms except jehale occur in Moselle Franconian.

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hali.

Noun[edit]

hale c (singular definite halen, plural indefinite haler)

  1. tail, brush, scut
  2. bottom, fanny
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From late Old Norse hala, from Middle Low German halen.

Verb[edit]

hale (imperative hal, infinitive at hale, present tense haler, past tense halede, perfect tense har halet)

  1. haul, heave, pull
  2. drag

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hale

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of halen

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

hale

  1. first-person singular present indicative of haler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of haler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  5. second-person singular imperative of haler

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

hale

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of halar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of halar

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *fale, from Proto-Oceanic *pale, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *balay, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *balay, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *balay, from Proto-Austronesian *balay.

Noun[edit]

hale

  1. house, building
  2. institution
  3. lodge
  4. station, hall
  5. host, hospitable person

Norman[edit]

Verb[edit]

hale

  1. first-person singular present indicative of haler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of haler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  5. second-person singular imperative of haler

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hali.

Noun[edit]

hale m (definite singular halen, indefinite plural haler, definite plural halene)

  1. a tail (of an animal, aircraft, comet etc.)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From late Old Norse hala, from Middle Low German halen.

Verb[edit]

hale (present tense haler, past tense halte, past participle halt)

  1. to haul, heave, pull
  2. to drag

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hali.

Noun[edit]

hale m (definite singular halen, indefinite plural halar, definite plural halane)

  1. a tail (of an animal, aircraft, comet etc.)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hale f

  1. nominative plural of hala
  2. accusative plural of hala
  3. vocative plural of hala

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

hale

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of halar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of halar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of halar.