ferme

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See also: fermé, fèrme, and fermë

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferme (plural fermes)

  1. (cant) A hole.

References[edit]

  • OED2
  • 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɛʁm/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French ferme, from Old French ferm, ferme (solid), from Latin firmus (solid, secure), from Proto-Italic *fermos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer-mo-s (holding), from the root *dʰer- (to hold).

Adjective[edit]

ferme (plural fermes)

  1. firm
    Synonyms: dur, décidé
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferme f (plural fermes)

  1. (carpentry) roof truss

Verb[edit]

ferme

  1. inflection of fermer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French ferme (farm, farm buildings), from Old French ferme (lease for working, rent, farm), from Medieval Latin ferma, firma (rent, tax, tribute, farm), from Old English feorm (rent, provision, supplies, feast), from Proto-Germanic *fermō, *firhuma- (means of living, subsistence), from Proto-Germanic *ferhwō (life force, body, being), from Proto-Indo-European *perkʷ- (life, force, strength, tree). Related to Old English feorh (life, spirit), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍈𐌿𐍃 (fairƕus, the world). Compare also Old English feormehām (farm), feormere (purveyor).

Noun[edit]

ferme f (plural fermes)

  1. farm
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Romanian: fermă

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfer.me/
  • Rhymes: -erme
  • Hyphenation: fér‧me

Adjective[edit]

ferme f pl

  1. feminine plural of fermo

Noun[edit]

ferme f pl

  1. plural of ferma

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *ferimē, earlier superlative of ferē, from Proto-Italic *feramos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold). Cognates include firmus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fermē (not comparable)

  1. Closely, quite, entirely, fully, altogether, just.
    Synonyms: prope, paene, ferē, iū̆xtā
  2. In general, generally, usually, commonly, for most of the time.

References[edit]

  • ferme”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ferme”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ferme in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Medieval Latin ferma, Old French ferme, and their etymon Old English feorm, from Proto-West Germanic *fermu, from Proto-Germanic *fermō.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɛrm(ə)/, /ˈfarm(ə)/

Noun[edit]

ferme (plural fermes)

  1. A lease; the renting of land.
  2. Leased or rented land.
  3. A set yearly rent payment.
  4. A set yearly payment for a privilege.
  5. (by extension) A tax mandated by the realm.
  6. (chiefly Early Middle English) A feast or meal.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French ferm, ferme, from Latin firmus, from Proto-Italic *fermos.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ferme (plural and weak singular ferme)

  1. firm, steady (of objects)
  2. steady, enduring (of people, agreements, etc.)
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: firm (remodelled after Latin)
  • Scots: firm (remodelled after Latin)
References[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ferme

  1. firmly, steadily
Descendants[edit]
  • English: firm (remodelled after Latin)
  • Scots: firm (remodelled after Latin)
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

ferme

  1. Alternative form of fermen (to clean)

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

ferme

  1. Alternative form of fermen (to lease)

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

ferme

  1. Alternative form of fermen (to firm)

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French ferm, ferme (solid), from Latin firmus (solid, secure).

Adjective[edit]

ferme m or f (plural fermes)

  1. firm

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin ferma, firma (rent, tax, tribute, farm), from Old English feorm (rent, provision, supplies, feast), from Proto-Germanic *firmō, *fermō (means of living, subsistence), from *firhu- (life force, body, being), from Proto-Indo-European *perkʷ- (life, force, strength, tree).

Noun[edit]

ferme f (oblique plural fermes, nominative singular ferme, nominative plural fermes)

  1. lease (letting agreement)
  2. the land leased
  3. farm

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ferme f

  1. oblique and nominative singular feminine of ferm

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferme f

  1. inflection of fermă:
    1. indefinite plural
    2. indefinite genitive/dative singular