iuxta

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *jougestād, feminine ablative of an adjective *jougestos, possibly from the noun *jougos (Latin iūgera pl), derived as Proto-Indo-European *(H)yewg-s, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *yewg- (yoke), compare iugum.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

or

Adverb[edit]

iuxtā or iūxtā (not comparable)

  1. nearly
  2. near, close to
  3. just as

Preposition[edit]

iuxtā or iūxtā [+accusative]

  1. near, close to, next to
  2. adjoining
  3. like
  4. according to

Usage notes[edit]

  • The quantity of the /u/ in this word is hidden, or not inferable from scansion due to the presence of multiple consonants. From Proto-Italic, /ū/ is expected, but /ŭ/ is more likely implicated from this word's Romance descendants. In those languages, the the observed mutation in vowel quality is such as is more often expected from /u/ having short rather than long quantity. It may therefore be inferred that some shortening may have taken place at some time or in some places in Latin's later development.

Descendents[edit]

References[edit]

  • juxtā in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • iuxta in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “iuxta”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • juxtā” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • iuxta in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • "iūxtā" in Karl Ernst Georges, Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch
  • Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges Founded on Comparative Grammar, Ginn & Company, 1903, page 130.
  • Dirk Panhuis, Roland Hoffmann (translator), Lateinische Grammatik, Walter de Gruyter, 2015, pages 84 and 86.
  • "iūxtā" in PONS, Deutsch-Latein-Wörterbuch (German-Latin dictionary)
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill