iuxta

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *jougestād, feminine ablative of an adjective *jougestos, possibly from the noun *jougos (Latin iūgera pl), derived as Proto-Indo-European *(H)yewg-s, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *yewg- (yoke), compare iugum.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

or

Adverb[edit]

iū̆xtā (not comparable)

  1. nearly
  2. near, close to
  3. just as

Preposition[edit]

iū̆xtā [+accusative]

  1. near, close to, next to
  2. adjoining
  3. like
  4. according to

Usage notes[edit]

  • The quantity of the /u/ in this word is hidden, or not inferable from scansion due to the presence of multiple consonants. From Proto-Italic, /ū/ is expected, but /ŭ/ is more likely implicated from this word's Romance descendants. In those languages, the observed mutation in vowel quality is such as is more often expected from /u/ having short rather than long quantity. It may therefore be inferred that some shortening may have taken place at some time or in some places in Latin's later development.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill