iuxta

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unclear, but reflects an earlier ablative form. Proposals include:[1][2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈjuːk.staː/, [ˈjuːks̠t̪äː] or IPA(key): /ˈjuk.staː/, [ˈjʊks̠t̪äː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈjuk.sta/, [ˈjukst̪ɑ]
  • Note: the length of the /u/ is uncertain due to lack of graphic attestations, unclear etymology and common conflation with iūstus (just; exact) already in Latin as well as its Romance descendants. Most other dictionaries list it as short.

Adverb[edit]

iū̆xtā (not comparable)

  1. nearly
  2. near, close to
  3. just as

Preposition[edit]

iū̆xtā (+ accusative)

  1. near, close to, next to
  2. adjoining
  3. like
  4. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) according to

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Weiss, Michael L. (2009) Outline of the Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin[2], Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, →ISBN, § B 1 b, page 357

Further reading[edit]

  • juxtā in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • iuxta in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • iuxta in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • juxtā in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • iuxta in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • "iūxtā" in Karl Ernst Georges, Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch
  • Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges Founded on Comparative Grammar, Ginn & Company, 1903, page 130.
  • Dirk Panhuis, Roland Hoffmann (translator), Lateinische Grammatik, Walter de Gruyter, 2015, pages 84 and 86.
  • "iūxtā" in PONS, Deutsch-Latein-Wörterbuch (German-Latin dictionary)