josta

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See also: jostā

Finnish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

josta

  1. Elative singular form of joka.

Latvian[edit]

Jostas (1)
Josta apvidus (4)

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem found in josla(zone, strip), Proto-Indo-European *yo(u)s-(to girdle) (itself from *yeu-(to bind)), but with a different suffix (-t(a) instead of -l(a)). Cognates include Lithuanian júosta(belt), Proto-Slavic *po-jasъ (compare Russian пояс(pojas)), Sanskrit रास्ना(rā́snā, girdle) (< *yā́s-nā), Ancient Greek ζῶμα(zôma, loincloth, drawers) (< *zōsma < *yo(w)s-ma-).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

josta f (4th declension)

  1. belt (a band worn around the waist, to keep clothes in place, to hold weapons, or serve as decoration)
    josta ar sprādzi‎ ― belt with a buckle
    pīta josta‎ ― braided belt
    mēteļa, jakas josta‎ ― coat, jacket belt
    aizsprādzēt, savilkt jostu‎ ― to buckle, to tighten the belt
  2. belt (a belt-like strap or band to hold someone in place)
    drošības josta‎ ― safety belt (e.g., in a car)
    glābšanas josta‎ ― life belt
  3. (figuratively) belt-like area around something
    ezera ūdeni apjož smilšu josta‎ ― a sand belt surrounded the waters of the lake
  4. waist, loins (part of the body between the chest and the hips)
    jostas apvidus‎ ― lumbar region
    jostas skriemeļi, muskulis, nervi‎ ― lumbar vertebrae, muscle, nerves

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.