stout

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Stout

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /staʊt/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /stʌʊt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English stout, from Old French estout (brave, fierce, proud) (Modern French dialectal stout (proud)), from earlier Old French estolt (strong), from Frankish *stolt, *stult (bold, proud), from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (bold, proud), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (to put, stand).

Cognate with Dutch stout (stout, bold, rash), Low German stolt (stately, proud), German stolz (proud, haughty, arrogant, stately), Old Norse stoltr (proud) (Danish stolt (proud), Icelandic stoltur (proud)).

Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from c.1386, but has been to a large extent displaced by the euphemistic meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552).

The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.

Adjective[edit]

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutest)

  1. Large; bulky.
    Synonyms: thickset, corpulent, fat
  2. (obsolete) Bold, strong-minded.
    Synonyms: lusty, vigorous, robust, sinewy, muscular
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Sixt”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iv]:
      a stouter champion never handled sword.
    • (Can we date this quote by Clarendon and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      He lost the character of a bold, stout, magnanimous man.
    • (Can we date this quote by Daniel and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      The lords all stand / To clear their cause, most resolutely stout.
  3. (obsolete) Proud; haughty.
    Synonyms: arrogant, hard, haughty
  4. Firm; resolute; dauntless.
  5. Materially strong, enduring.
    Campers prefer stout vessels, sticks and cloth.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[1]:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins … .
  6. Obstinate.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout, the malt brew

stout (plural stouts)

  1. (beer) A dark and strong malt brew made with toasted grain.
    Coordinate term: porter
    Stout is darker, stronger and sweeter than porter beer.
  2. An obese person.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. A large clothing size.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English stout, from Old English stūt (gnat; midge).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout (plural stouts)

  1. Gnat.
    Synonym: midge
  2. Gadfly.
    Synonym: horsefly
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch stout, from Old Dutch *stolt, from Proto-Germanic *stultaz.

Adjective[edit]

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutst)

  1. naughty, disobedient, mischievous
    Zijn hier nog stoute kindertjes?Are there any naughty children here?
  2. high (expectations)
  3. (archaic) bold, audacious
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of stout
uninflected stout
inflected stoute
comparative stouter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial stout stouter het stoutst
het stoutste
indefinite m./f. sing. stoute stoutere stoutste
n. sing. stout stouter stoutste
plural stoute stoutere stoutste
definite stoute stoutere stoutste
partitive stouts stouters
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: stout

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English stout.

Noun[edit]

stout m or n (uncountable)

  1. stout (brew)
    Synonym: stoutbier

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout

  1. stout (type of beer)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of stout (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative stout stoutit
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
illative stoutiin stouteihin
singular plural
nominative stout stoutit
accusative nom. stout stoutit
gen. stoutin
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
inessive stoutissa stouteissa
elative stoutista stouteista
illative stoutiin stouteihin
adessive stoutilla stouteilla
ablative stoutilta stouteilta
allative stoutille stouteille
essive stoutina stouteina
translative stoutiksi stouteiksi
instructive stoutein
abessive stoutitta stouteitta
comitative stouteineen
Possessive forms of stout (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person stoutini stoutimme
2nd person stoutisi stoutinne
3rd person stoutinsa

Anagrams[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout f (plural stouts)

  1. stout (beer)