stout

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Stout

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /staʊt/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /stʌʊt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English stoute, from Old French estout (brave, fierce, proud) (Modern French dialectal stout (proud)), from earlier Old French estolt (strong), from Frankish *stolt, *stult (bold, proud), from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (bold, proud), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (to put, stand).

Cognate with Dutch stout (stout, bold, naughty), Low German stolt (stately, proud), German stolz (proud, haughty, arrogant, stately), Old Norse stoltr (proud) (Danish stolt (proud), Icelandic stoltur (proud)).

Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from c.1386, but has been to a large extent displaced by the euphemistic meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552).

The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.

Adjective[edit]

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutest)

  1. Large; bulky.
    Synonyms: thickset, corpulent, fat
  2. (obsolete) Bold, strong-minded.
    Synonyms: lusty, vigorous, robust, sinewy, muscular
  3. (obsolete) Proud; haughty.
    Synonyms: arrogant, hard, haughty
  4. Firm; resolute; dauntless.
    • 2020 September 5, David Hytner, “Raheem Sterling keeps his cool to see off Iceland amid blaze of late drama”, in The Guardian[1]:
      he had reason to be extremely grateful to Sterling, his Manchester City teammate, who won and converted the penalty that appeared to have broken Iceland’s stout resistance.
  5. Materially strong, enduring.
    Campers prefer stout vessels, sticks and cloth.
    • 1751, [Tobias] Smollett, “He is Concerned in a Dangerous Adventure with a Certain Gardener; []”, in The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle [], volume I, London: Harrison and Co., [], published 1781, OCLC 316121541, page 49, column 1:
      [...] Pipes, who acted as the enemy's forlorn hope, advanced to the gate with great intrepidity, and clapping his foot to the door, which was none of the ſtouteſt, with the execution and diſpatch of a petard, ſplit it into a thouſand pieces.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[2]:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins … .
  6. Obstinate.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout, the malt brew

stout (plural stouts)

  1. (beer) A dark and strong malt brew made with toasted grain.
    Coordinate term: porter
    Stout is darker, stronger and sweeter than porter beer.
  2. An obese person.
    • 1946, Printers' Ink
      Incidentally the survey pointed up the sad plight of the stylish stouts, today's “forgotten men.” The clothing situation is getting so critical for them that they may have to choose between eating and dressing.
  3. A large clothing size.
    • 1918, Isidor Rosenfeld, The Practical Designer for Women's and Misses' Underwear - The Study of the Stout Form
      The all-around waist is increased or over-built, according to size, which makes this form a stout.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English stout, from Old English stūt (gnat; midge).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout (plural stouts)

  1. Gnat.
    Synonym: midge
  2. Gadfly.
    Synonym: horsefly
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch stout, from Old Dutch *stolt, from Proto-Germanic *stultaz.

Adjective[edit]

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutst)

  1. naughty, disobedient, mischievous
    Zijn hier nog stoute kindertjes?Are there any naughty children here?
  2. high (expectations)
  3. (archaic) bold, audacious
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of stout
uninflected stout
inflected stoute
comparative stouter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial stout stouter het stoutst
het stoutste
indefinite m./f. sing. stoute stoutere stoutste
n. sing. stout stouter stoutste
plural stoute stoutere stoutste
definite stoute stoutere stoutste
partitive stouts stouters
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: stout

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English stout.

Noun[edit]

stout m or n (uncountable)

  1. stout (brew)
    Synonym: stoutbier

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout

  1. stout (type of beer)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of stout (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative stout stoutit
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
illative stoutiin stouteihin
singular plural
nominative stout stoutit
accusative nom. stout stoutit
gen. stoutin
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
inessive stoutissa stouteissa
elative stoutista stouteista
illative stoutiin stouteihin
adessive stoutilla stouteilla
ablative stoutilta stouteilta
allative stoutille stouteille
essive stoutina stouteina
translative stoutiksi stouteiksi
instructive stoutein
abessive stoutitta stouteitta
comitative stouteineen
Possessive forms of stout (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person stoutini stoutimme
2nd person stoutisi stoutinne
3rd person stoutinsa

Anagrams[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

stout f (plural stouts)

  1. stout (beer)