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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wēros, from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁ros, from *weh₁- (true). See also Old English wǣr (true, correct), Dutch waar (true), German wahr (true), Icelandic alvöru (earnest), Proto-Slavic *vě̀ra (faith/belief).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • bērus (Late Latin, misspelling)



vērus (feminine vēra, neuter vērum, comparative vērior, superlative vērissimus, adverb vērē or vērō); first/second-declension adjective

  1. true, real, actual (conforming to the actual state of reality or fact; factually correct)
  2. true, genuine (not counterfeit, spurious, false, or adulterated)
  3. proper, suitable (acceptable to or fitting for the purpose or circumstances)
  4. right, just (complying with justice, correctness or reason)

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative vērus vēra vērum vērī vērae vēra
Genitive vērī vērae vērī vērōrum vērārum vērōrum
Dative vērō vērō vērīs
Accusative vērum vēram vērum vērōs vērās vēra
Ablative vērō vērā vērō vērīs
Vocative vēre vēra vērum vērī vērae vēra
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • Balkan Romance:
    • Romanian: adevăr
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Insular Romance:
  • Vulgar Latin: *consobrīnus vērus (literally true cousin)
  • Via the neuter plural vēra:
  • Borrowings:
    • Esperanto: vero
    • Ido: vera
    • Interlingua: ver
    • Volapük: ver

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of verū.




  1. genitive singular of verū


Further reading[edit]

  • verus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • verus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • verus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) at the beginning of spring: ineunte, primo vere
    • (ambiguous) my dream is coming true: somnium verum evādit (Div. 2. 53. 108)
    • (ambiguous) to speak the truth, admit the truth: verum dicere, profiteri
    • (ambiguous) to be averse to truth: a vero aversum esse (Catil. 3. 1. 29)
    • (ambiguous) love of truth: veri videndi, investigandi cupiditas
    • (ambiguous) zealous pursuit of truth: veri inquisitio atque investigatio
    • (ambiguous) to be led away from the truth: a vero abduci
    • (ambiguous) to be very near the truth: proxime ad verum accedere
    • (ambiguous) to be probable: a vero non abhorrere
    • (ambiguous) to be probable: veri simile esse
    • (ambiguous) to distinguish true and false: vera et falsa (a falsis) diiudicare
    • (ambiguous) to confuse true with false: vera cum falsis confundere
    • (ambiguous) in truth; really: re (vera), reapse (opp. specie)
    • (ambiguous) to make a copy true to nature: aliquid ad verum exprimere
    • (ambiguous) but to return from the digression we have been making: verum ut ad id, unde digressa est oratio, revertamur
    • (ambiguous) nominally; really: verbo, nomine; re, re quidem vera
    • (ambiguous) to tell lies: falsa (pro veris) dicere
    • (ambiguous) a man who genuinely wishes the people's good: homo vere popularis (Catil. 4. 5. 9)
    • (ambiguous) without wishing to boast, yet..: quod vere praedicare possum
    • (ambiguous) to put it exactly: si quaeris, si verum quaerimus
  • verus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002), “vērus”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 14: U–Z, page 329
  • verus”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray