sober

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See also: sõber

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French sobre, from Latin sōbrius, from se-(without) + ebrius(intoxicated), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁egʷʰ-(drink).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sober ‎(comparative soberer, superlative soberest)

  1. not drunk; not intoxicated
  2. not given to excessive drinking of alcohol
    • Book of Common Prayer
      a godly, righteous, and sober life, to the glory of Thy holy name
  3. moderate; realistic; serious; not playful; not passionate; cool; self-controlled
    • Dryden
      No sober man would put himself into danger for the applause of escaping without breaking his neck.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 230d.
      Which is the finest and soberest state possible.
  4. dull; not bright or colorful
    • Milton
      Twilight grey / Had in her sober livery all things clad.
  5. subdued; solemn; grave
    • Prior
      What parts gay France from sober Spain?
    • Alexander Pope
      See her sober over a sampler, or gay over a jointed baby.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

sober ‎(third-person singular simple present sobers, present participle sobering, simple past and past participle sobered)

  1. (often with up) To make or become sober.
    • Alexander Pope
      There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, / And drinking largely sobers us again.
  2. (often with up) To overcome or lose a state of intoxication.
    It took him hours to sober up.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sobre, from Latin sobrius.

Adjective[edit]

sober

  1. sober (in character; moderate; realistic; serious)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of sober
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular sober sobrere sobrest2
Neuter singular sobert sobrere sobrest2
Plural sobre sobrere sobrest2
Definite attributive1 sobre sobrere sobreste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sober ‎(comparative soberder, superlative soberst)

  1. simple, plain, austere

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of sober
uninflected sober
inflected sobere
comparative soberder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial sober soberder het soberst
het soberste
indefinite m./f. sing. sobere soberdere soberste
n. sing. sober soberder soberste
plural sobere soberdere soberste
definite sobere soberdere soberste
partitive sobers soberders

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]