First attested in 1600. From Latin abstēmius (“abstaining from wine”); from ab, abs (“from”) + tēmus, root of tēmētum (“intoxicating drink, mead, wine”), akin to German dämlich (“stupid, silly”), Old Norse þám (“mugginess”), Old Irish tám (“death”), Sanskrit ताम्यति (tāmyati, “he becomes stunned, exhausted”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /æbˈstiː.mɪ.əs/
- (US) IPA(key): /æbˈsti.mi.əs/, /əbˈsti.mi.əs/
- Rhymes: -iːmiəs
- Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious - John Arbuthnot.
- Under his special eye Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain. - John Milton
- 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 28
- In the dimness of the landing I could not see him very well, but there was something in his voice that surprised me. I knew he was of abstemious habit or I should have thought he had been drinking.
- Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- an abstemious diet - Edward Gibbon
- Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life.
- One abstemious day. - Alexander Pope
- (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness.
- Such is the virtue of the abstemious well. - John Dryden
- For usage examples of this term, see the citations page.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 , ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 9