First attested in 1600. From Latin abstēmius (“abstaining from wine”); from ab, abs (“from”) + tēmus, root of tēmētum (“intoxicating drink, mead, wine”), akin to German dämlich (“stupid, silly”), Old Norse þám (“mugginess”), Old Irish tám (“death”), Sanskrit ताम्यति (tāmyati, “he becomes stunned, exhausted”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /æbˈstiː.mɪ.əs/
- (US) IPA(key): /æbˈsti.mi.əs/, /əbˈsti.mi.əs/
- Rhymes: -iːmiəs
- Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- Marked by, or spent in, abstinence
- an abstemious life.
- (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness.
- For usage examples of this term, see Citations:abstemious.
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