abstinence

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English abstinence, from Old French abstinence, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinēns, present participle of abstineō (I withhold). Equivalent to abstain +‎ -ence.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈæb.stɪ.nəns/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

abstinence (countable and uncountable, plural abstinences)

  1. The act or practice of abstaining, refraining from indulging a desire or appetite. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    Abstinence is the only 100% guaranteed contraception.
    Penance, fasts, and abstinence, / To punish bodies for the soul's offense. - (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?) John Dryden
    The abstinence from a present pleasure that offers itself is a pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one. (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)John Locke
    Complete abstinence is easier than perfect moderation. (Can we date this quote by Augustine of Hippo and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)St Augustine
    1. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating/alcoholic beverages; total abstinence; teetotalism). [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    2. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from sexual intercourse, either permanently or until marriage. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    3. (ecclesiastical) Abstention from certain foods on days of penitential observance. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
      • 1995 September 18, Rafael Alvarez, “Catholics asked to avoid eating meat on Fridays Cardinal suggests abstinence in weeks leading up to Pope's visit”, in Baltimore Sun[1]:
        "The church teaching before Vatican II was that it was 'gravely sinful' to take 2 ounces of meat on a day of abstinence such as Friday," said the Rev. Joseph S. Rossi, a Jesuit professor of church history at Loyola College.
  2. The practice of self-denial; self-restraint; forebearance from anything. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
  3. (obsolete) Self-denial; abstaining; or forebearance of anything. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
  4. (business) Delay of spending to accrue capital.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 “abstinence”, in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 10.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French abstinence, from Old French abstinence, borrowed from Latin abstinentia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abstinence f (plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)
  2. abstinence (specifically act or practice of abstaining from alcohol)
  3. abstinence (specifically act or practice of abstaining from sexual relations)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French abstinence.

Noun[edit]

abstinence f (plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: abstinence

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abstinentia; later modified to bring it in line with the Latin etymon.

Noun[edit]

abstinence f (oblique plural abstinences, nominative singular abstinence, nominative plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)

Descendants[edit]