abstinens

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Present active participle of abstineō (abstain)

Participle[edit]

abstinēns (genitive abstinentis, adverb abstinenter); third-declension one-termination participle

  1. abstaining
  2. abstinent

Declension[edit]

Third-declension participle.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative abstinēns abstinentēs abstinentia
Genitive abstinentis abstinentium
Dative abstinentī abstinentibus
Accusative abstinentem abstinēns abstinentēs
abstinentīs
abstinentia
Ablative abstinente
abstinentī1
abstinentibus
Vocative abstinēns abstinentēs abstinentia

1When used purely as an adjective.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: abstinent
  • English: abstinent
  • French: abstinent
  • Italian: astinente
  • Norwegian Bokmål: abstinent

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abstinentia (abstinence, self-restraint; fasting), from abstinēns (abstraining, abstinent) (with the suffix -ia, from Ancient Greek -ίᾱ (-íā), -ία (-ía) and -εια (-eia), from Proto-Indo-European *-i-eh₂), present participle of abstineō (I withhold), from both ab- (from, away from, off), ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + and from teneō (to hold, have, grasp), from Proto-Italic *tenēō (to hold), from Proto-Indo-European *ten- (to stretch, extend).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abstɪˈnɛns/, /apstɪˈnɛns/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛns
  • Hyphenation: ab‧sti‧nens

Noun[edit]

abstinens m (definite singular abstinensen, indefinite plural abstinenser, definite plural abstinensene)

  1. abstinence (the act or practice of abstaining, refraining from indulging a desire or appetite)
    • 1900, Hans E. Kinck, Fru Anny Porse, page 89:
      nøisomhed og abstinens
      frugality and abstinence
    Synonyms: avhold, avholdenhet
    1. specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating/alcoholic beverages; teetotalism
    2. specifically, the practice of abstaining from drugs and narcotic substances, as well as tobacco
    3. (ecclesiastical) abstention from certain foods on days of penitential observance
    Synonym: abstinensdag
  2. withdrawal (a type of metabolic shock the body undergoes when a substance, usually a toxin such as heroin, to which a patient is dependent is withheld)
    • 1974, Jens Bjørneboe, Haiene, page 211:
      han lallet, når han snakket, og han skalv på hendene som en dranker i abstinens
      he whimpered as he spoke, and he shook his hands like a drunkard in withdrawal
    • 2011 March 25, Adresseavisen, page 14:
      det nyfødte barnet ble behandlet for abstinens på grunn av morens rusmisbruk
      the newborn baby was treated for withdrawal due to the mother's substance abuse
    ha symptom på abstinens
    have symptoms of withdrawal
  3. (colloquial, humorous) withdrawal symptoms in a humorous sense or the feeling of longing for something one is used to doing
    han fikk abstinenser da sommerjobben var over
    he got withdrawal symptoms when the summer job was over
    • 2000 August 24, Dagbladet, page 38:
      – Jeg klarer ikke å ha ferie. Jeg hadde tenkt at dette skulle bli et hvileår, men fikk abstinens, sier [forfatter Ingvar] Ambjørnsen, som allerede er i gang med en ny roman
      - I can not have a holiday. I had thought that this would be a year of rest, but got withdrawal symptoms, says [author Ingvar] Ambjørnsen, who is already working on a new novel

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abstinens c

  1. withdrawal (metabolic shock)

Declension[edit]

Declension of abstinens 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative abstinens abstinensen abstinenser abstinenserna
Genitive abstinens abstinensens abstinensers abstinensernas

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]