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  • (US) IPA(key): /pɑr.sɪˈmo͡ʊn.i.əs/


From Middle English parcimony, from Latin parsimonia from parsus, past participle of parcere ‎(to spare).


parsimonious ‎(comparative more parsimonious, superlative most parsimonious)

  1. Exhibiting parsimony; sparing in expenditure of money; frugal to excess; penurious; niggardly; stingy.
  2. (sports) Not conceding many goals.
    • 2015 May 25, Daniel Taylor, “Norwich reach Premier League after early blitz sees off Middlesbrough”, The Guardian (London):
      They played like a team that was in a hurry to get back to the Premier League. Norwich City had dismantled the most parsimonious defence in the Championship inside the opening quarter of an hour and at the final whistle it was the yellow end, rather than Middlesbrough’s banks of red, where the euphoria could be found.
  3. Using a minimal number of assumptions, steps, or conjectures.
    • 1898, William Graham Sumner, “The Conquest of the United States by Spain”, in War and Other Essays, Yale, published 1911, page 333:
      Our fathers would have an economical government, even if grand people called it a parsimonious one, and taxes should be no greater than were absolutely necessary to pay for such a government.
    • Kiplinger's Personal Finance, January 2002:
      The first three college-savings plans stand out for their parsimonious expenses []
      Statistical methods offer the ability to enforce parsimonious selection of the most influential potential predictors of each gene's state.