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From the root of aveō (long for, crave) with the rare and probably fossilized suffix -ārus (the only other likely example of which is in amārus; compare also -ārius),[1] perhaps reflecting Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew-eh-ros.



avārus (feminine avāra, neuter avārum, comparative avārior, superlative avārissimus, adverb avārē or avāriter); first/second-declension adjective

  1. covetous, greedy, avaricious
    avārus est senexthe old man is greedy


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative avārus avāra avārum avārī avārae avāra
Genitive avārī avārae avārī avārōrum avārārum avārōrum
Dative avārō avārō avārīs
Accusative avārum avāram avārum avārōs avārās avāra
Ablative avārō avārā avārō avārīs
Vocative avāre avāra avārum avārī avārae avāra

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Catalan: avar
  • French: avare
  • Dalmatian: avaraus
  • Galician: avaro
  • Italian: avaro
  • Occitan: avar
  • Portuguese: avaro
  • Romanian: avar
  • Spanish: avaro


avārus m (genitive avārī); second declension

  1. a greedy man; miser


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative avārus avārī
Genitive avārī avārōrum
Dative avārō avārīs
Accusative avārum avārōs
Ablative avārō avārīs
Vocative avāre avārī


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “aveō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 65

Further reading[edit]

  • avarus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • avarus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • avarus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette