Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-rós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Suffix[edit]

*(Ø)-rós[1]

  1. Forms adjectives from Caland system roots.

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *(Ø)-rós *(Ø)-réh₂
genitive *(Ø)-rósyo *(Ø)-réh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-rós *(Ø)-róh₁ *(Ø)-róes
vocative *(Ø)-ré *(Ø)-róh₁ *(Ø)-róes
accusative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róh₁ *(Ø)-róms
genitive *(Ø)-rósyo *? *(Ø)-róoHom
ablative *(Ø)-réad *? *(Ø)-rómos
dative *(Ø)-róey *? *(Ø)-rómos
locative *(Ø)-réy, *(Ø)-róy *? *(Ø)-róysu
instrumental *(Ø)-róh₁ *? *(Ø)-rṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-réh₂ *(Ø)-réh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-réh₂es
vocative *(Ø)-réh₂ *(Ø)-réh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-réh₂es
accusative *(Ø)-rā́m *(Ø)-réh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-réh₂m̥s
genitive *(Ø)-réh₂s *? *(Ø)-réh₂oHom
ablative *(Ø)-réh₂s *? *(Ø)-réh₂mos
dative *(Ø)-réh₂ey *? *(Ø)-réh₂mos
locative *(Ø)-réh₂, *(Ø)-réh₂i *? *(Ø)-réh₂su
instrumental *(Ø)-réh₂h₁ *? *(Ø)-réh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róy(h₁) *(Ø)-réh₂
vocative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róy(h₁) *(Ø)-réh₂
accusative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róy(h₁) *(Ø)-réh₂
genitive *(Ø)-rósyo *? *(Ø)-róoHom
ablative *(Ø)-réad *? *(Ø)-rómos
dative *(Ø)-róey *? *(Ø)-rómos
locative *(Ø)-réy, *(Ø)-róy *? *(Ø)-róysu
instrumental *(Ø)-róh₁ *? *(Ø)-rṓys

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press