-ար

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See also: ար

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-(e)ro-. Compare երկ-ար (erk-ar) from Proto-Indo-European *dweh₂-ro- (long). See also -իր (-ir), -որ (-or), -ուր (-ur).

Suffix[edit]

-ար (-ar)

  1. Found in several words. The function is not very clear.
    զարդzardornament, embellishment
    զարդարեմzardaremto adorn
    մեծmecgreat
    մեծարեմmecaremto honor, to venerate
    արդardshape
    արդարardarjust
    մութmutʿdark
    մթարmtʿarblack, smutty
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From the root of հարկանեմ (harkanem), with the loss of հ- (h-). Compare the pair փողահար (pʿołahar) - փողար (pʿołar).

Suffix[edit]

-ար (-ar)

  1. Forming words related to the notion of beating, striking.
    կտցարktcʿarwoodcock
    փողարpʿołartrumpeter
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ար”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48