արդ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian արդ (ard); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արդ (ard)

  1. (dated) structure, form, ornament
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian արդ (ard); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

արդ (ard)

  1. (literary) now, presently
  2. (literary) so, thus

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥-tu-, *h₂r̥-ti-, based on *h₂er- (to fix, put together).[1][2][3] Close cognates include Ancient Greek ἀρτύς (artús, arrangement), ἀρτύνω (artúnō, to arrange, to fit), Latin ars (art), artus (joint), Sanskrit ऋतु (ṛtú).

Noun[edit]

արդ (ard)

  1. shape, order
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The root արդ- (ard-) had also the meaning of “performed work, result, gain”, found in the compounds արդիւն (ardiwn) and արդեօք (ardeōkʿ).

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 38–39
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “արդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ard₁”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 134

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “արդ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “արդ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rti (now); cognate with Ancient Greek ἄρτι (árti) and Lithuanian arti (near).[1][2][3][4]

Adverb[edit]

արդ (ard)

  1. at present, now, presently, recently, lately
    արդ իսկard iskjust now, directly, newly, very lately
    եւ արդew ardnow, then
    իսկ արդisk ardbut, now
    արդ եւսard ewsjust now

Adjective[edit]

արդ (ard)

  1. present
    յարդ ժամանակսyard žamanaksat the present time

Conjunction[edit]

արդ (ard)

  1. now; accordingly
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 38–39
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “արդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1] (pdf), Zagreb, page 11
  4. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ard₂”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 135

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “արդ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “արդ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy