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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥tós ‎(fitted), from the root *h₂er- ‎(to join, fit (together)). Cognates include Sanskrit ऋत ‎(ṛtá, order; right, etc.) and Avestan 𐬀𐬴𐬀 ‎(aṣ̌a, truth).



artus m ‎(feminine arta, neuter artum); first/second declension

  1. narrow, close, fitted, confined, dense
  2. (figuratively) severe, strict, scanty, brief

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative artus arta artum artī artae arta
genitive artī artae artī artōrum artārum artōrum
dative artō artō artīs
accusative artum artam artum artōs artās arta
ablative artō artā artō artīs
vocative arte arta artum artī artae arta
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥tús ‎(that which is fit together; juncture, ordering), from the root *h₂er- ‎(to join, fit (together)). Cognates include Sanskrit ऋतु ‎(ṛtú, right time, order, rule), Ancient Greek ἀρτύς ‎(artús, arranging, arrangement) and Old Armenian արդ ‎(ard, ornament, shape). From the same root also ars, artis ‎(art) and arma ‎(armor).


artus m ‎(genitive artūs); fourth declension

  1. (anatomy, chiefly in the plural) a joint
  2. (figuratively) sinew, strength, power
  3. (poetic) the limbs

Fourth declension, dative/ablative plural in -ubus.

Case Singular Plural
nominative artus artūs
genitive artūs artuum
dative artuī artubus
accusative artum artūs
ablative artū artubus
vocative artus artūs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]


  • artus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 55-56




  1. accusative plural masculine form of arts