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See also: Artus


Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *artos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥tós (fitted), from the root *h₂er- (to join, fit (together)). Cognates include Sanskrit ऋत (ṛtá, order; right, etc.) and Avestan 𐬀𐬴𐬀 (aṣ̌a, truth).

Alternative forms[edit]



artus (feminine arta, neuter artum, comparative artior, superlative artissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. narrow, close, fitted, confined, dense
  2. (figuratively) severe, strict, scanty, brief

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative artus arta artum artī artae arta
Genitive artī artae artī artōrum artārum artōrum
Dative artō artō artīs
Accusative artum artam artum artōs artās arta
Ablative artō artā artō artīs
Vocative arte arta artum artī artae arta
Derived terms[edit]
  • Italian: arto

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Italic *artus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂értus (that which is fit together; juncture, ordering), from the root *h₂er- (to join, fit (together)).

Cognates include Sanskrit ऋतु (ṛtú, right time, order, rule), Ancient Greek ἀρτύς (artús, arranging, arrangement) and Old Armenian արդ (ard, ornament, shape). From the same root also ars, artis (art) and arma (armor).


artus m (genitive artūs); fourth declension

  1. (anatomy, usually in the plural) a joint
  2. (figuratively) sinew, strength, power
  3. (poetic) the limbs

Fourth-declension noun (dative/ablative plural in -ubus).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative artus artūs
Genitive artūs artuum
Dative artuī artubus
Accusative artum artūs
Ablative artū artubus
Vocative artus artūs
  • Notes: As if neuter, the plural form artua is also found.
Derived terms[edit]


  • artus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • artus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • artus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • artus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to tremble in every limb: omnibus artubus contremiscere
    • to fall fast asleep: artus somnus aliquem complectitur (Rep. 6. 10)
    • (ambiguous) to sleep soundly (from fatigue): arte, graviter dormire (ex lassitudine)
    • (ambiguous) theoretical, speculative philosophy: philosophia, quae in rerum contemplatione versatur, or quae artis praeceptis continetur
    • (ambiguous) to have been reduced to a system: arte conclusum esse
    • (ambiguous) to be very intimately related: arte (artissime) coniunctum esse
    • (ambiguous) a work of art: artis opus; opus arte factum or perfectum
    • (ambiguous) the rules of art; aesthetics: artis praecepta, or also simply ars
    • (ambiguous) a connoisseur; a specialist: (artis, artium) intellegens, peritus (opp. idiota, a layman)
    • (ambiguous) to be very eloquent: dicendi arte florere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 55-56




  1. accusative plural masculine of arts