ऋत

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See also: ऋतु

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hr̥tás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hr̥tás (truth) (whence Avestan 𐬀𐬴𐬀(aṣ̌a, truth)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥-tós, from *h₂er- (to fit; fix; put together).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ऋत (ṛtá)

  1. met with, afflicted by (+instrumental)
  2. proper, right, fit, apt, suitable, able, brave, honest
  3. true
  4. worshipped, respected
  5. enlightened, luminous

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of ऋत (ṛtá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋतः
ṛtáḥ
ऋतौ
ṛtaú
ऋताः / ऋतासः¹
ṛtā́ḥ / ṛtā́saḥ¹
Vocative ऋत
ṛ́ta
ऋतौ
ṛ́tau
ऋताः / ऋतासः¹
ṛ́tāḥ / ṛ́tāsaḥ¹
Accusative ऋतम्
ṛtám
ऋतौ
ṛtaú
ऋतान्
ṛtā́n
Instrumental ऋतेन
ṛténa
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतैः / ऋतेभिः¹
ṛtaíḥ / ṛtébhiḥ¹
Dative ऋताय
ṛtā́ya
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतेभ्यः
ṛtébhyaḥ
Ablative ऋतात्
ṛtā́t
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतेभ्यः
ṛtébhyaḥ
Genitive ऋतस्य
ṛtásya
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतानाम्
ṛtā́nām
Locative ऋते
ṛté
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतेषु
ṛtéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of ऋता (ṛtā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋता
ṛtā́
ऋते
ṛté
ऋताः
ṛtā́ḥ
Vocative ऋते
ṛ́te
ऋते
ṛ́te
ऋताः
ṛ́tāḥ
Accusative ऋताम्
ṛtā́m
ऋते
ṛté
ऋताः
ṛtā́ḥ
Instrumental ऋतया / ऋता¹
ṛtáyā / ṛtā́¹
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋताभिः
ṛtā́bhiḥ
Dative ऋतायै
ṛtā́yai
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋताभ्यः
ṛtā́bhyaḥ
Ablative ऋतायाः
ṛtā́yāḥ
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋताभ्यः
ṛtā́bhyaḥ
Genitive ऋतायाः
ṛtā́yāḥ
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतानाम्
ṛtā́nām
Locative ऋतायाम्
ṛtā́yām
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतासु
ṛtā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of ऋत (ṛtá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋतम्
ṛtám
ऋते
ṛté
ऋतानि / ऋता¹
ṛtā́ni / ṛtā́¹
Vocative ऋत
ṛ́ta
ऋते
ṛ́te
ऋतानि / ऋता¹
ṛ́tāni / ṛ́tā¹
Accusative ऋतम्
ṛtám
ऋते
ṛté
ऋतानि / ऋता¹
ṛtā́ni / ṛtā́¹
Instrumental ऋतेन
ṛténa
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतैः / ऋतेभिः¹
ṛtaíḥ / ṛtébhiḥ¹
Dative ऋताय
ṛtā́ya
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतेभ्यः
ṛtébhyaḥ
Ablative ऋतात्
ṛtā́t
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतेभ्यः
ṛtébhyaḥ
Genitive ऋतस्य
ṛtásya
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतानाम्
ṛtā́nām
Locative ऋते
ṛté
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतेषु
ṛtéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Proper noun[edit]

ऋत (ṛtám

  1. name of a रुद्र (Rudra)
  2. name of a son of मनु चाक्षुष (Manu Cākṣuṣ)
  3. name of a son of विजय (Vijaya)

Noun[edit]

ऋत (ṛtán

  1. fixed or settled order, law, rule (especially in religion)
  2. sacred or pious action or custom, divine law, faith, divine truth
  3. truth in general, righteousness, right
  4. figuratively said of gleaning (as the right means of a Brahman's obtaining a livelihood as opposed to agriculture, which is अनृत (anṛta))
  5. promise, oath, vow
  6. truth personified (as an object of worship, and hence enumerated among the sacred objects in the Nir.)
  7. water
  8. sacrifice
  9. a particular sacrifice
  10. sun
  11. wealth

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of ऋत (ṛtá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋतम्
ṛtám
ऋते
ṛté
ऋतानि / ऋता¹
ṛtā́ni / ṛtā́¹
Vocative ऋत
ṛ́ta
ऋते
ṛ́te
ऋतानि / ऋता¹
ṛ́tāni / ṛ́tā¹
Accusative ऋतम्
ṛtám
ऋते
ṛté
ऋतानि / ऋता¹
ṛtā́ni / ṛtā́¹
Instrumental ऋतेन
ṛténa
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतैः / ऋतेभिः¹
ṛtaíḥ / ṛtébhiḥ¹
Dative ऋताय
ṛtā́ya
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतेभ्यः
ṛtébhyaḥ
Ablative ऋतात्
ṛtā́t
ऋताभ्याम्
ṛtā́bhyām
ऋतेभ्यः
ṛtébhyaḥ
Genitive ऋतस्य
ṛtásya
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतानाम्
ṛtā́nām
Locative ऋते
ṛté
ऋतयोः
ṛtáyoḥ
ऋतेषु
ṛtéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Adverb[edit]

ऋत (ṛtá)

  1. right, duly, properly, expressly, very
  2. right, duly, properly, regularly, lawfully, according to usage or right
  3. truly, sincerely, indeed