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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂énǵʰus, from *h₂enǵʰ- (narrow, tight). Cognate with German eng, Sanskrit अंहु (áṃhu), Old Church Slavonic ѫзъкъ (ǫzŭkŭ).



angustus (feminine angusta, neuter angustum, comparative angustior, superlative angustissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. narrow, strait (especially of local relations)
  2. close, contracted, constricted, small, not spacious
  3. (figuratively) short, brief
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Tristia 5:
      Efficit angustos nec mihi bruma dies.
      Winter does not make the days short (for me).


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative angustus angusta angustum angustī angustae angusta
Genitive angustī angustae angustī angustōrum angustārum angustōrum
Dative angustō angustō angustīs
Accusative angustum angustam angustum angustōs angustās angusta
Ablative angustō angustā angustō angustīs
Vocative anguste angusta angustum angustī angustae angusta



Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Albanian: ngushtë
  • Aromanian: ngustu
  • French: anguis
  • Galician: angosto


  • angustus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • angustus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • angustus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) credit is low throughout Italy: fides tota Italia est angusta