aonar

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish oenar m ‎(a single individual, one alone), a compound of óen ‎(one) + fer m ‎(man).

Noun[edit]

aonar m ‎(genitive singular aonair)

  1. (literary) one, lone, person
  2. (with i and possessive pronoun) aloneness, solitariness
    Tá sí ina haonar.
    She is alone.
  3. (in genitive) single, solitary

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The meaning "alone" is achieved by combining this noun with the preposition i ‎(in) and the possessive determiner agreeing with the person of whom being alone is predicated, as:

  • Rinne mé i m’aonar é.‎ ― I did it alone.
  • Tá tú i do chónaí i d’aonar.‎ ― You (singular) are living alone.
  • Bhí sé ina aonar.‎ ― He was alone.
  • Tá sí ina haonar.‎ ― She is alone.
  • Chuaimid ansin inár n-aonar.‎ ― We went there alone.
  • Bhí sibh ag canadh in bhur n-aonar.‎ ― You (plural) were singing alone.
  • Tá siad ag siúl ina n-aonar.‎ ― They are walking alone.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aonar n-aonar haonar t-aonar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "aonar" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • oenar” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish oenar m ‎(a single individual, one alone), a compound of óen ‎(one) + fer m ‎(man).

Noun[edit]

aonar m

  1. one

Usage notes[edit]

  • Only used about persons (cf numerical noun).
  • Usually used together with a prepositional pronoun derived from an (in) to express exclusiveness, loneliness etc:
    rinn i seo na h-aonar - she did this alone/solo/on her own (literally "she did this in her one")
    bha e na aonar - he was alone (literally "he was in his one")
    tha mi a' fuireach nam aonar - I live alone (literally "I am living in my one")

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • oenar” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.