aonar

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Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish óenar m (a single individual, one alone), a compound of óen (one) + fer m (man).

Noun[edit]

aonar m (genitive singular aonair)

  1. (literary) one, lone, person
  2. (with i and possessive pronoun) aloneness, solitariness
    Tá sí ina haonar.She is alone.
  3. (in genitive) single, solitary

Usage notes[edit]

  • The meaning "alone" is achieved by combining aonar with the preposition i (in) and the possessive determiner for the person (or people) who is alone, as in:
  • Rinne mé i m’aonar é.I did it alone.
  • Tá tú i do chónaí i d’aonar.You (singular) are living alone.
  • Bhí sé ina aonar.He was alone.
  • Tá sí ina haonar.She is alone.
  • Chuaimid ansin inár n-aonar.We went there alone.
  • Bhí sibh ag canadh in bhur n-aonar.You (plural) were singing alone.
  • Tá siad ag siúl ina n-aonar.They are walking alone.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aonar n-aonar haonar t-aonar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish oenar (a single individual, one alone), a compound of óen (one) + fer (man).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aonar m (genitive singular aonair)

  1. one

Usage notes[edit]

  • Only used about persons (cf. numerical noun).
  • Usually used together with a prepositional pronoun derived from an (in) to express exclusiveness, loneliness etc:
    rinn i seo na h-aonar.She did this alone/solo/on her own. (literally, “She did this in her one.”)
    Bha e na aonar.He was alone. (literally, “He was in his one.”)
    Tha mi a' fuireach nam aonar.I live alone. (literally, “I am living in my one.”)

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aonar n-aonar h-aonar t-aonar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “aonar”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “oenar”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language