céad

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See also: cead

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish cét, from Proto-Celtic *kantom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

céad

  1. hundred
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

céad m ‎(genitive singular céid, nominative plural céadta)

  1. a group of a hundred
  2. century
  3. hundredweight
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish cét-, from Proto-Celtic *kentus ‎(first), from Proto-Indo-European *ken- ‎(new, fresh); cognate with Latin recēns ‎(recent) and Ancient Greek καινός ‎(kainós, new).

Adjective[edit]

céad (triggers lenition of a following b, c, f, g, m, or p)

  1. first
    an chéad fhear‎ ― the first man
    na chéad daoine‎ ― the first people
    ar an gcéad líne‎ ― on the first line

Usage notes[edit]

Almost always preceded by the definite article, and always lenited after the article except in the dative singular, where it is eclipsed.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
céad chéad gcéad
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]