céad

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See also: cead

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  99 100 101  > 
    Cardinal : céad
    Ordinal : céadú

From Old Irish cét, from Proto-Celtic *kantom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

céad

  1. hundred
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

céad m (genitive singular céid, nominative plural céadta)

  1. (group of a) hundred
  2. century
  3. hundredweight
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish cét-, from Proto-Celtic *kentus (first), from Proto-Indo-European *ken- (new, fresh); cognate with Latin recēns (recent) and Ancient Greek καινός (kainós, new).

Adjective[edit]

céad (indeclinable) (triggers lenition (except of d, s, and t))

  1. first
    an chéad fhearthe first man
    na chéad daoinethe first people
    ar an gcéad líneon the first line

Usage notes[edit]

  • Almost always preceded by the definite article, and always lenited after the article except in the dative singular, where it is eclipsed.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
céad chéad gcéad
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]