καινός

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See also: κοινός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *kəňňós, from Proto-Indo-European *kn̥-yós, from *ken- (new, fresh). Cognates include Sanskrit कनीन (kanīna, young), Sanskrit कन्या (kanyā, girl, maiden), Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬈 (kaine, a maiden) and, more distantly, Latin recens (new, recent).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

καινός (kainósm (feminine καινή, neuter καινόν); first/second declension

  1. fresh, unused
  2. new, novel
    • Flavius Josephus, Roman Antiquities 7.265
      μὴ κινήσητε πάλιν ἡμῖν καινὰς ἐπὶ ταῖς πρώταις ταραχὰς καὶ στάσεις
      mḕ kinḗsēte pálin hēmîn kainàs epì taîs prṓtais tarakhàs kaì stáseis
      Do not raise new troubles or rebellions now that the last ones are behind us
      Flavius Josephus, Roman Antiquities 14.104
      περὶ δὲ τῆς Πομπηίου καὶ Γαβινίου στρατείας ἐπὶ Ἰουδαίους γράφει Νικόλαος ὁ Δαμασκηνὸς καὶ Στράβων ὁ Καππάδοξ οὐδὲν ἕτερος ἑτέρου καινότερον λέγων
      perì dè tês Pompēíou kaì Gabiníou strateías epì Ioudaíous gráphei Nikólaos ho Damaskēnòs kaì Strábōn ho Kappádox oudèn héteros hetérou kainóteron légōn
      Whilst Nicolaus of Damascus and Strabo of Cappadocia both describe Pompey's and Gabinius' expeditions against the Jews, none tells anything new that is not in the other (description)
  3. strange, unusual

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]