καινός

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See also: κοινός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *kəňňós, from Proto-Indo-European *kn̥-yós, from *ken- (new, fresh). Cognates include Sanskrit कनीन (kanīna, young), Sanskrit कन्या (kanyā, girl, maiden), Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬈 (kaine, a maiden) and, more distantly, Latin recens (new, recent).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kai̯.nós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kɛˈnos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /kɛˈnos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ceˈnos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ceˈnos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    καινός (kainósm (feminine καινή, neuter καινόν); first/second declension

    1. new, novel, recent
      • Flavius Josephus, Roman Antiquities 7.265
        μὴ κινήσητε πάλιν ἡμῖν καινὰς ἐπὶ ταῖς πρώταις ταραχὰς καὶ στάσεις
        mḕ kinḗsēte pálin hēmîn kainàs epì taîs prṓtais tarakhàs kaì stáseis
        Do not raise new troubles or rebellions now that the last ones are behind us
        Flavius Josephus, Roman Antiquities 14.104
        περὶ δὲ τῆς Πομπηίου καὶ Γαβινίου στρατείας ἐπὶ Ἰουδαίους γράφει Νικόλαος ὁ Δαμασκηνὸς καὶ Στράβων ὁ Καππάδοξ οὐδὲν ἕτερος ἑτέρου καινότερον λέγων
        perì dè tês Pompēíou kaì Gabiníou strateías epì Ioudaíous gráphei Nikólaos ho Damaskēnòs kaì Strábōn ho Kappádox oudèn héteros hetérou kainóteron légōn
        Whilst Nicolaus of Damascus and Strabo of Cappadocia both describe Pompey's and Gabinius' expeditions against the Jews, none tells anything new that is not in the other (description)
    2. fresh, unused
    3. strange, unusual

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]