recens

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

re- + Proto-Indo-European *ken- (new, fresh), with a semantic development to "rise freshly, come up, begin", also seen in cognates such as Old Irish cinim (to rise) and Old Church Slavonic начѧти (načęti, to begin), въчѧти (vŭčęti, to begin).

Classical cognates include Ancient Greek καινός (kainós, new) (whence the prefix caeno- or ceno-) and Sanskrit कनीन (kanī́na, young, youthful).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

recēns (genitive recentis, comparative recentior, superlative recentissimus); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. new, recent
    Synonym: novus
    Antonyms: prīscus, prīstinus, senex, vetus, antīquus
  2. fresh, lively
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 25:
      Ipsi recentes defessis succederent
      They themselves were substituting lively [soldiers] for the exhausted ones
  3. young
  4. vigorous

Declension[edit]

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative recēns recentēs recentia
Genitive recentis recentium
Dative recentī recentibus
Accusative recentem recēns recentēs recentia
Ablative recentī recentibus
Vocative recēns recentēs recentia

Adverb[edit]

recēns (not comparable)

  1. lately, recently

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • recens”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • recens”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • recens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have a vivid recollection of a thing: recenti memoria tenere aliquid
    • fresh troops relieve the tired men: integri et recentes defatigatis succedunt
  • recens in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • Meyer-Lübke, Wilhelm (1911), “rĕcens”, in Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), page 534
  • von Wartburg, Walther (1928–2002), “recens”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 10, page 139